Heparin mimetic peptide nanofiber gel promotes regeneration of full thickness burn injury

Date
2017
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Source Title
Biomaterials
Print ISSN
0142-9612
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Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Volume
134
Issue
Pages
117 - 127
Language
English
Type
Article
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Abstract

Burn injuries are one of the most common types of trauma worldwide, and their unique physiology requires the development of specialized therapeutic materials for their treatment. Here, we report the use of synthetic, functional and biodegradable peptide nanofiber gels for the improved healing of burn wounds to alleviate the progressive loss of tissue function at the post-burn wound site. These bioactive nanofiber gels form scaffolds that recapitulate the structure and function of the native extracellular matrix through signaling peptide epitopes, which can trigger angiogenesis through their affinity to basic growth factors. In this study, the angiogenesis-promoting properties of the bioactive scaffolds were utilized for the treatment of a thermal burn model. Following the excision of necrotic tissue, bioactive gels and control solutions were applied topically onto the wound area. The wound healing process was evaluated at 7, 14 and 21 days following injury through histological observations, immunostaining and marker RNA/protein analysis. Bioactive peptide nanofiber-treated burn wounds formed well-organized and collagen-rich granulation tissue layers, produced a greater density of newly formed blood vessels, and exhibited increased re-epithelialization and skin appendage development with minimal crust formation, while non-bioactive peptide nanofibers and the commercial wound dressing 3M™ Tegaderm™ did not exhibit significant efficiency over sucrose controls. Overall, the heparin-mimetic peptide nanofiber gels increased the rate of repair of burn injuries and can be used as an effective means of facilitating wound healing.

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Keywords
Burn injury, Heparin, Hydrogel, Peptide nanofiber, Self-assembly, Blood vessels, Gels, High temperature effects, Hydrogels, Nanofibers, Peptides, Polysaccharides, Self assembly, Tissue, Tissue regeneration, Bioactive nanofibers, Burn injury, Heparin, Histological observations, Native extracellular matrix, Re-epithelialization, Therapeutic materials, Wound healing process, Biomimetics, Collagen, Heparin, Nanofiber, RNA, Heparin, Nanofiber, Peptide, Angiogenesis, Animal experiment, Animal model, Animal tissue, Article, Burn, Controlled study, Debridement, Density, Epithelization, Full thickness skin graft, Gel, Immunohistochemistry, In vivo study, Male, Mouse, Nonhuman, Priority journal, RNA analysis, Skin appendage, Tissue regeneration, Wound dressing, Wound healing, Animal, Bagg albino mouse, Burn, Chemistry, Circular dichroism, Gel, Physiology, Scanning electron microscopy, Tissue scaffold, Animals, Burns, Circular dichroism, Gels, Heparin, Immunohistochemistry, Male, Mice, Mice, inbred BALB C, Microscopy, electron, scanning, Nanofibers, Peptides, Tissue scaffolds, Wound healing
Citation
Published Version (Please cite this version)