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Bilkent Theses

Recent Submissions

ItemOpen Access
Dare to share? how anti-disinformation policies affect online news-sharing behavior in Türkiye
(Bilkent University, 2024-05) Küçükoruç, Selin
For the past decades, governments and social media companies have attempted to combat the spread of misinformation online by developing new regulations around online technologies. While these attempts have successfully curbed the spread of misinformation in many instances, there have also been cases where such regulations have violated the freedom of expression due to the uncertainty surrounding the definition of misinformation (Cipers et al., 2023). This thesis aims to explore how these strategies to combat misinformation affect the way ordinary citizens engage with news online in an authoritarian-leaning context. In doing so, it investigates the impact of recent counter-misinformation regulation in Turkiye, publicly known as the disinformation or censorship law, on news-sharing behavior. Employing a 2x2 between-subjects online survey experiment among 228 Turkish college student, the study seeks to understand whether exposure to information about the law and the mode of online identity (anonymous vs. real) affects individuals’ news-sharing tendencies. Although the salience of the law and the different modes of online identity does not significantly affect news-sharing attitudes as a model, the salience of the law alone has a significant negative relationship with sharing likelihood when all control variables were included in the analysis. Overall, the findings highlight the importance of striking a balance between countering misinformation and protecting freedom of expression online.
ItemOpen Access
Generating tree method and applications to pattern-avoiding inversion sequences
(Bilkent University, 2024-05) Gezer, Melis
An inversion sequence of length n is an integer sequence e = e1 · · · en such that 0 ≤ ei < i for each 0 ≤ i ≤ n. We use In to denote the set of inversion sequences of length n. Let [k] := {0, 1, · · · , k − 1} denote the alphabet and τ be a word of length k over this alphabet. A pattern of length k is simply a word over the alphabet [k]. We say an inversion sequence e ∈ In contains the pattern τ of length k if it contains a sub-sequence of length k that is order isomorphic to τ; otherwise, e avoids the pattern τ . For a given pattern τ , we use In(τ ) to denote the set of all τ -avoiding inversion sequences of length n. Firstly, we review the enumeration of inversion sequences that avoid patterns of length three. We then study an enumeration method based on generating trees and the kernel method to enumerate pattern-avoiding inversion sequences for general patterns. Then, we provide sampling algorithms for pattern-avoiding inversion sequences and apply them to some specific patterns. Based on extensive simulations, we study some statistics such as the number of zeros, the number of distinct elements, the number of repeated elements, and the maximum elements. Finally, we present a bijection between In(0312) and In(0321) that preserves these statistics.
ItemOpen Access
How can bundle cosmopsychism solve the subject-derivation problem
(Bilkent University, 2024-05) Celayir, Berk
Cosmopsychism is the view that the universe as a whole is conscious and metaphysi- cally grounds all conscious subjects. While this position has the important advantage of avoiding the fundamental problems of physicalism, dualism and micropsychism, it faces a challenge called the subject-derivation problem, that is, it must explain how all the different conscious subjects derive from a singular cosmic subject. In this thesis, I will argue that the subject-derivation problem cannot be solved as long as a singular cosmic subject is assumed, and I will propose a new model for solving this problem, which I call Bundle Cosmopsychism. The main idea of my thesis is that a bundle of cosmic subjects subsuming the entire phenomenal statespace can ground all subjects in an irreducibly collective way.
ItemOpen Access
Mary Wollstonecraft’s revolution in manners and the kickback of constructed femininity
(Bilkent University, 2024-05) Çiftci, Sena
In my thesis, by using Simone De Beauvoir's concept of ‘the other’ from her book Second Sex, I attempt to solve the issue of how some features of produced femininity, such as submission, caretaking, sentimentality, and so forth, increase women's oppression. I argue that discriminatory practices that are explicitly gendered and imposed on a single gender have been producing negative outcomes, regarding the problem explained. Also, it should be acknowledged that adhering to these practices should not be promoted as necessary to be identified as a woman. I propose to follow the revolution in female manners advocated by Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of the Rights of Women as a plausible and effective answer to ‘the otherness’ of women in society. Here I argue that the main reason for the plausibility is the said revolution’s inclusivity. Since Wollstonecraft argues that the revolution in female manners can be attained only by equal distribution of knowledge of the right kind of virtues and national education to all genders, inclusivity should be a given.
ItemOpen Access
The Politics of diversion: autocratic regimes and the use of force in times of domestic predicaments
(Bilkent University, 2024-05) Sevindik, Ali
When faced with a hard-to-solve domestic crisis, leaders may appeal to workaround the predicament instead of trying to solve the issue to ensure their survival as the political authority. One of the instrumental ways of overcoming the challenges of the domestic crisis through diverting the attention of public opinion could be using force against an ethnic or political group within the borders or against a country. The literature is dominated by research that heavily focuses on the diversionary motivations of democracies as they have electoral processes that give an opportunity to citizens to reward or punish the leaders for their successes or failures. However, very few studies examine the diversionary motivations of autocracies. In this thesis, I aimed to address this gap and contribute to the literature by examining the diversionary motivations of different types of autocratic regimes. I hypothesized that personalist and military autocracies are more conflict-prone than other autocracies in times of domestic crises. I constructed monadic and dyadic datasets by compiling available data. The monadic dataset consists of 258 observations of 59 countries between 1990-2001 whereas the dyadic dataset contains 123,819 observations of dyad-years between 1990-2001. To test my hypotheses, I conducted logistic regression analyses. My findings from the analyses demonstrated mixed results for the relations among domestic crises, regime type, and external and internal use of force but affirmed that personalist autocracies are more inclined to use force when faced with a domestic crisis vis-à-vis non-personalist autocracies.