Low-threshold optical gain and lasing of colloidal nanoplatelets
Semiconductor nanocrystals, which are also known as colloidal quantum dots (CQDs), are highly attractive materials for high performance optoelectronic device applications such as lasers. With their size, shape and composition tunable electronic structure and optical properties, CQDs are highly desired for achieving full-color, temperature-insensitive, low-threshold and solution-processed lasers [1, 2]. However, due to their small size, they suffer from the nonradiative multiexciton Auger Recombination (AR), where energy of a bound electron-hole pair is transferred to a third particle of either an electron or a hole instead of radiative recombination. Therefore, CQDs having suppressed AR are strongly required for achieving high quality CQD-based lasers. To address this issue, CQDs having different size, shape and electronic structure have been synthesized and studied extensively [3-5]. Generally, suppression of AR and lower optical gain thresholds are achieved via reducing the wavefunction overlap of the electron and hole in a CQD. However, the separation of the electron and hole wavefunctions will dramatically decrease the oscillator strength and optical gain coefficient, which is highly critical for achieving high performance lasers. Therefore, colloidal materials with suppressed AR and high gain coefficients are highly welcomed. Here, we study optical gain performance of colloidal quantum wells  of CdSe-core and CdSe/CdS core/crown nanoplatelets (NPLs) that demonstrate remarkable optical properties with ultra-low threshold one- and two-photon optical pumping. As a result of their giant oscillator strength, superior optical gain and lasing performance are achieved from these colloidal NPLs with greatly enhanced gain coefficient . © 2014 IEEE.