Biotin functionalized self‐assembled peptide nanofiber as an adjuvant for immunomodulatory response

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2021-12-07
Date
2020-12
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Source Title
Biotechnology Journal
Print ISSN
1860-6768
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Publisher
Wiley-VCH Verlag
Volume
15
Issue
12
Pages
2000100
Language
English
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Abstract

Biotinylated peptide amphiphile (Biotin‐PA) nanofibers, are designed as a noncovalent binding location for antigens, which are adjuvants to enhance, accelerate, and prolong the immune response triggered by antigens. Presenting antigens on synthetic Biotin‐PA nanofibers generated a higher immune response than the free antigens delivered with a cytosine‐phosphate‐guanine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN) (TLR9 agonist) adjuvant. Antigen attached Biotin‐PA nanofibers trigger splenocytes to produce high levels of cytokines (IFN‐γ, IL‐12, TNF‐α, and IL‐6) and to exhibit a superior cross‐presentation of the antigen. Both Biotin‐PA nanofibers and CpG ODN induce a Th‐1‐biased IgG subclass response; however, delivering the antigen with Biotin‐PA nanofibers induce significantly greater production of total IgG and subclasses of IgG compared to delivering the antigen with CpG ODN. Contrary to CpG ODN, Biotin‐PA nanofibers also enhance antigen‐specific splenocyte proliferation and increase the proportion of the antigen‐specific CD8(+) T cells. Given their biodegradability and biocompatibility, Biotin‐PA nanofibers have a significant potential in immunoengineering applications as a biomaterial for the delivery of a diverse set of antigens derived from intracellular pathogens, emerging viral diseases such as COVID‐19, or cancer cells to induce humoral and cellular immune responses against the antigens.

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