Item Open AccessForced migration, sexual and gender-based violence and integration: Effects, risks and protective factors(Springer Science and Business Media B.V., 2022-06-15) Phillimore, Jenny; Block, Karen; Bradby, Hannah; Özçürümez, Saime; Papoutsi, Anna; Özçürümez, SaimeThis paper is the first to use empirical evidence to directly examine the relationship between sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and multi-dimensional processes of integration of forced migrant SGBV survivors. While it is acknowledged that forced migrants are subjected to a continuum of violence, including SGBV, during the refugee journey, little is known about the long-term impact of SGBV and how it might be mitigated. Our paper, drawing on empirical evidence from 255 interviews with migrants and stakeholders in Australia, the UK, Sweden and Turkey, documented in detail the complex interactions between SGBV and integration using the Indicators of Integration framework. By bringing together the literature on the continuum of violence, SGBV and the Indicators of Integration framework, we identify, on the one hand, the impact of SGBV on integration, and, on the other, how the indicators framework can be used to identify protective and risk factors for forced migrant survivors. © 2022, The Author(s). Item Open AccessErratum: Author Correction: A multi-country test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic (Nature human behaviour (2021) 5 8 (1089-1110))(Nature Publishing Group, 2022-08-24) Wang, Ke; Goldenberg, Amit; Dorison, Charles A.; Miller, Jeremy K.; Uusberg, Andero; Lerner, Jennifer S.; Gross, James J.; Agesin, Bamikole Bamikole; Bernardo, Márcia; Campos, Olatz; Eudave, Luis; Grzech, Karolina; Ozery, Daphna Hausman; Jackson, Emily A.; Garcia, Elkin Oswaldo Luis; Drexler, Shira Meir; Jurković, Anita Penić; Rana, Kafeel; Wilson, John Paul; Antoniadi, Maria; Desai, Kermeka; Gialitaki, Zoi; Kushnir, Elizaveta; Nadif, Khaoula; Bravo, Olalla Niño; Nauman, Rafia; Oosterlinck, Marlies; Pantazi, Myrto; Pilecka, Natalia; Szabelska, Anna; van Steenkiste, I.M.M.; Filip, Katarzyna; Bozdoc, Andreea Ioana; Marcu, Gabriela Mariana; Agadullina, Elena; Adamkovič, Matúš; Roczniewska, Marta; Reyna, Cecilia; Kassianos, Angelos P.; Westerlund, Minja; Ahlgren, Lina; Pöntinen, Sara; Adetula, Gabriel Agboola; Dursun, Pinar; Arinze, Azuka Ikechukwu; Arinze, Nwadiogo Chisom; Ogbonnaya, Chisom Esther; Ndukaihe, Izuchukwu L G; Dalgar, Ilker; Akkas, Handan; Macapagal, Paulo Manuel; Lewis, Savannah; Metin-Orta, Irem; Foroni, Francesco; Willis, Megan; Santos, Anabela Caetano; Mokady, Aviv; Reggev, Niv; Kurfali, Merve A.; Vasilev, Martin R.; Nock, Nora L.; Parzuchowski, Michal; Espinoza Barría, Mauricio F.; Vranka, Marek; Kohlová, Markéta Braun; Ropovik, Ivan; Harutyunyan, Mikayel; Wang, Chunhui; Yao, Elvin; Becker, Maja; Manunta, Efisio; Kaminski, Gwenael; Boudesseul, Jordane; Marko, Dafne; Evans, Kortnee; Lewis, David M G; Findor, Andrej; Landry, Anais Thibault; Aruta, John Jamir Benzon; Ortiz, Manuel S.; Vally, Zahir; Pronizius, Ekaterina; Voracek, Martin; Lamm, Claus; Grinberg, Maurice; Li, Ranran; Valentova, Jaroslava Varella; Mioni, Giovanna; Cellini, Nicola; Chen, Sau-Chin; Zickfeld, Janis; Moon, Karis; Azab, Habiba; Levy, Neil; Karababa, Alper; Beaudry, Jennifer L.; Boucher, Leanne; Collins, W Matthew; Todsen, Anna Louise; van Schie, Kevin; Vintr, Jáchym; Bavolar, Jozef; Kaliska, Lada; Križanić, Valerija; Samojlenko, Lara; Pourafshari, Razieh; Geiger, Sandra J.; Beitner, Julia; Warmelink, Lara; Ross, Robert M.; Stephen, Ian D.; Hostler, Thomas J.; Azouaghe, Soufian; McCarthy, Randy; Szala, Anna; Grano, Caterina; Solorzano, Claudio Singh; Anjum, Gulnaz; Jimenez-Leal, William; Bradford, Maria; Pérez, Laura Calderón; Cruz Vásquez, Julio E.; Galindo-Caballero, Oscar J.; Vargas-Nieto, Juan Camilo; Kácha, Ondřej; Arvanitis, Alexios; Xiao, Qinyu; Cárcamo, Rodrigo; Zorjan, Saša; Tajchman, Zuzanna; Vilares, Iris; Pavlacic, Jeffrey M.; Kunst, Jonas R.; Tamnes, Christian K.; von Bastian, Claudia C.; Atari, Mohammad; Sharifian, MohammadHasan; Hricova, Monika; Kačmár, Pavol; Schrötter, Jana; Rahal, Rima-Maria; Cohen, Noga; FatahModares, Saeideh; Zrimsek, Miha; Zakharov, Ilya; Koehn, Monica A.; Esteban-Serna, Celia; Calin-Jageman, Robert J.; Krafnick, Anthony J.; Štrukelj, Eva; Isager, Peder Mortvedt; Urban, Jan; Silva, Jaime R.; Martončik, Marcel; Očovaj, Sanja Batić; Šakan, Dušana; Kuzminska, Anna O.; Djordjevic, Jasna Milosevic; Almeida, Inês A T; Ferreira, Ana; Lazarevic, Ljiljana B.; Manley, Harry; Ricaurte, Danilo Zambrano; Monteiro, Renan P.; Etabari, Zahra; Musser, Erica; Dunleavy, Daniel; Chou, Weilun; Godbersen, Hendrik; Ruiz-Fernández, Susana; Reeck, Crystal; Batres, Carlota; Kirgizova, Komila; Muminov, Abdumalik; Azevedo, Flavio; Alvarez, Daniela Serrato; Butt, Muhammad Mussaffa; Lee, Jeong Min; Chen, Zhang; Verbruggen, Frederick; Ziano, Ignazio; Tümer, Murat; Charyate, Abdelilah C A; Dubrov, Dmitrii; Tejada Rivera, María Del Carmen M C; Aberson, Christopher; Pálfi, Bence; Maldonado, Mónica Alarcón; Hubena, Barbora; Sacakli, Asli; Ceary, Chris D.; Richard, Karley L.; Singer, Gage; Perillo, Jennifer T.; Ballantyne, Tonia; Cyrus-Lai, Wilson; Fedotov, Maksim; Du, Hongfei; Wielgus, Magdalena; Pit, Ilse L.; Hruška, Matej; Sousa, Daniela; Aczel, Balazs; Hajdu, Nandor; Szaszi, Barnabas; Adamus, Sylwia; Barzykowski, Krystian; Micheli, Leticia; Schmidt, Nadya-Daniela; Zsido, Andras N.; Paruzel-Czachura, Mariola; Muda, Rafał; Bialek, Michal; Kowal, Marta; Sorokowska, Agnieszka; Misiak, Michal; Mola, Débora; Ortiz, María Victoria; Correa, Pablo Sebastián; Belaus, Anabel; Muchembled, Fany; Ribeiro, Rafael R.; Arriaga, Patricia; Oliveira, Raquel; Vaughn, Leigh Ann; Szwed, Paulina; Kossowska, Małgorzata; Czarnek, Gabriela; Kielińska, Julita; Antazo, Benedict; Betlehem, Ruben; Stieger, Stefan; Nilsonne, Gustav; Simonovic, Nicolle; Taber, Jennifer; Gourdon-Kanhukamwe, Amélie; Domurat, Artur; Ihaya, Keiko; Yamada, Yuki; Urooj, Anum; Gill, Tripat; Čadek, Martin; Bylinina, Lisa; Messerschmidt, Johanna; Kurfalı, Murathan; Adetula, Adeyemi; Baklanova, Ekaterina; Albayrak-Aydemir, Nihan; Kappes, Heather B.; Gjoneska, Biljana; House, Thea; Jones, Marc V.; Berkessel, Jana B.; Chopik, William J.; Çoksan, Sami; Seehuus, Martin; Khaoudi, Ahmed; Bokkour, Ahmed; El Arabi, Kanza Ait; Djamai, Ikhlas; Iyer, Aishwarya; Parashar, Neha; Adiguzel, Arca; Kocalar, Halil Emre; Bundt, Carsten; Norton, James O.; Papadatou-Pastou, Marietta; De la Rosa-Gomez, Anabel; Ankushev, Vladislav; Bogatyreva, Natalia; Grigoryev, Dmitry; Ivanov, Aleksandr; Prusova, Irina; Romanova, Marina; Sarieva, Irena; Terskova, Maria; Hristova, Evgeniya; Kadreva, Veselina Hristova; Janak, Allison; Schei, Vidar; Sverdrup, Therese E.; Askelund, Adrian Dahl; Pineda, Lina Maria Sanabria; Krupić, Dajana; Levitan, Carmel A.; Johannes, Niklas; Ouherrou, Nihal; Say, Nicolas; Sinkolova, Sladjana; Janjić, Kristina; Stojanovska, Marija; Stojanovska, Dragana; Khosla, Meetu; Thomas, Andrew G.; Kung, Franki Y H; Bijlstra, Gijsbert; Mosannenzadeh, Farnaz; Balci, Busra Bahar; Reips, Ulf-Dietrich; Baskin, Ernest; Ishkhanyan, Byurakn; Czamanski-Cohen, Johanna; Dixson, Barnaby James Wyld; Moreau, David; Sutherland, Clare A M; Chuan-Peng, Hu; Noone, Chris; Flowe, Heather; Anne, Michele; Janssen, Steve M J; Topor, Marta; Majeed, Nadyanna M.; Kunisato, Yoshihiko; Yu, Karen; Daches, Shimrit; Hartanto, Andree; Vdovic, Milica; Anton-Boicuk, Lisa; Forbes, Paul A G; Kamburidis, Julia; Marinova, Evelina; Nedelcheva-Datsova, Mina; Rachev, Nikolay R.; Stoyanova, Alina; Schmidt, Kathleen; Suchow, Jordan W.; Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria; Jernsäther, Teodor; Olofsson, Jonas K.; Bialobrzeska, Olga; Marszalek, Magdalena; Tatachari, Srinivasan; Afhami, Reza; Law, Wilbert; Antfolk, Jan; Žuro, Barbara; Van Doren, Natalia; Soto, Jose A.; Searston, Rachel; Miranda, Jacob; Damnjanović, Kaja; Yeung, Siu Kit; Krupić, Dino; Hoyer, Karlijn; Jaeger, Bastian; Ren, Dongning; Pfuhl, Gerit; Klevjer, Kristoffer; Corral-Frías, Nadia S.; Frias-Armenta, Martha; Lucas, Marc Y.; Torres, Adriana Olaya; Toro, Mónica; Delgado, Lady Grey Javela; Vega, Diego; Solas, Sara Álvarez; Vilar, Roosevelt; Massoni, Sébastien; Frizzo, Thomas; Bran, Alexandre; Vaidis, David C.; Vieira, Luc; Paris, Bastien; Capizzi, Mariagrazia; Coelho, Gabriel Lins de Holanda; Greenburgh, Anna; Whitt, Cassie M.; Tullett, Alexa M.; Du, Xinkai; Volz, Leonhard; Bosma, Minke Jasmijn; Karaarslan, Cemre; Sarıoğuz, Eylül; Allred, Tara Bulut; Korbmacher, Max; Colloff, Melissa F.; Lima, Tiago J S; Ribeiro, Matheus Fernando Felix; Verharen, Jeroen P H; Karekla, Maria; Karashiali, Christiana; Sunami, Naoyuki; Jaremka, Lisa M.; Storage, Daniel; Habib, Sumaiya; Studzinska, Anna; Hanel, Paul H P; Holford, Dawn Liu; Sirota, Miroslav; Wolfe, Kelly; Chiu, Faith; Theodoropoulou, Andriana; Ahn, El Rim; Lin, Yijun; Westgate, Erin C.; Brohmer, Hilmar; Hofer, Gabriela; Dujols, Olivier; Vezirian, Kevin; Feldman, Gilad; Travaglino, Giovanni A.; Ahmed, Afroja; Li, Manyu; Bosch, Jasmijn; Torunsky, Nathan; Bai, Hui; Manavalan, Mathi; Song, Xin; Walczak, Radoslaw B.; Zdybek, Przemysław; Friedemann, Maja; Rosa, Anna Dalla; Kozma, Luca; Alves, Sara G.; Lins, Samuel; Pinto, Isabel R.; Correia, Rita C.; Babinčák, Peter; Banik, Gabriel; Rojas-Berscia, Luis Miguel; Varella, Marco A C; Uttley, Jim; Beshears, Julie E.; Thommesen, Katrine Krabbe; Behzadnia, Behzad; Geniole, Shawn N.; Silan, Miguel A.; Maturan, Princess Lovella G; Vilsmeier, Johannes K.; Tran, Ulrich S.; Izquierdo, Sara Morales; Mensink, Michael C.; Sorokowski, Piotr; Groyecka-Bernard, Agata; Radtke, Theda; Adoric, Vera Cubela; Carpentier, Joelle; Özdoğru, Asil Ali; Joy-Gaba, Jennifer A.; Hedgebeth, Mattie V.; Ishii, Tatsunori; Wichman, Aaron L.; Röer, Jan Philipp; Ostermann, Thomas; Davis, William E.; Suter, Lilian; Papachristopoulos, Konstantinos; Zabel, Chelsea; Onie, Sandersan; Ebersole, Charles R.; Chartier, Christopher R.; Mallik, Peter R.; Urry, Heather L.; Buchanan, Erin M.; Coles, Nicholas A.; Primbs, Maximilian A.; Basnight-Brown, Dana M.; IJzerman, Hans; Forscher, Patrick S.; Moshontz, Hannah; Akdemir KurfalI, MerveIn the version of this article initially published, the following authors were omitted from the author list and the Author contributions section for “investigation” and “writing and editing”: Nandor Hajdu (Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary), Jordane Boudesseul (Facultad de Psicología, Instituto de Investigación Científica, Universidad de Lima, Lima, Perú), Rafał Muda (Faculty of Economics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland) and Sandersan Onie (Black Dog Institute, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia & Emotional Health for All Foundation, Jakarta, Indonesia). In addition, Saeideh FatahModares’ name was originally misspelled as Saiedeh FatahModarres in the author list. Further, affiliations have been corrected for Maria Terskova (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia), Susana Ruiz Fernandez (FOM University of Applied Sciences, Essen; Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien, Tübingen, and LEAD Research Network, Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen, Germany), Hendrik Godbersen (FOM University of Applied Sciences, Essen, Germany), Gulnaz Anjum (Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada, and Department of Economics & Social Sciences, Institute of Business Administration, Karachi, Pakistan). The changes have been made to the HTML and PDF versions of the article. Item Open AccessDeveloping archaeology and museology in the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, and Greece: Théodore Macridy, an Ottoman Greek ‘Liminal Scientist’(Cambridge University Press, 2022-10-26) Grigoriadis, Ioannis N.; Grigoriadis, Ioannis N.This article concerns the development of archaeology and museology, in the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, and Greece, through the life and career of Théodore Macridy. Macridy participated in knowledge transfer in more than one discipline and more than one country. Through his links with Western academic circles in archaeology and museology, he made a significant contribution to their development in the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, and Greece. Living between the Ottoman and Greek epistemic communities as an Ottoman citizen of Greek origin, he excavated numerous sites of the Ottoman Empire, worked at the Ottoman Imperial Museum, and contributed to the foundation of the Benaki Museum in Athens at the end of his career. This makes him a good example of an Ottoman Greek scholar whose liminal identity led to his relative neglect in both Greek and Turkish archaeology and museology. Item Open AccessThe far right, labor unions, and the working class in Turkey since the 1960s(Middle East Institute, 2021) Aytürk, İlker; Esen, Berk; Aytürk, İlker; Esen, BerkThis article tracks far-right attitudes and policies toward organized labor and the working class in Turkey since the 1960s. In particular, we attempt to explain why nationalist attitudes have remained unchanged over nearly six decades, whereas political Islamists have shifted to neoliberal policies since the 1990s under the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. In explaining Erdoğan’s neoliberalism, we highlight the working relationship between Islamist mayors and the so-called pious bourgeoisie in local governments as well as the willingness of neoliberal ulema to endorse these ties. Item Open AccessUnderstanding Greece’s new foreign policy towards the Arab world: Instrumentalisation, balancing, and emerging opportunities(Routledge, 2022-11-07) Grigoriadis, Ioannis Ν.; Tsourapas, Gerasimos; Grigoriadis, Ioannis Ν.Despite Greece’s centrality in Eastern Mediterranean history and politics, the evolution, characteristics, and rationale behind the country’s relations with the Arab world have yet to be identified. This article examines post-World War II Greek foreign policy towards the Arab world across four key periods (1945–80; 1981–89; 1990–2018; and 2019 onwards). It builds on a historical institutionalist approach to argue that Greece’s relationship with the Arab world has remained a pillar of the country’s diplomatic strategy, albeit instrumentalised in terms of Greece’s two main foreign policy goals in the post-World War II era: maintaining the country’s Western orientation and navigating the vicissitudes of Greek-Turkish relations. Thus, the Arab world has traditionally been approached by Greek policymakers in a profit maximization manner that sought to either amplify Greece's relationship with Western powers or respond to Turkish initiatives in the region. Aiming to provide the first systematic overview of Greek diplomatic strategy towards the Arab world, the article highlights the importance of path dependence in evaluating Greek foreign policy initiatives towards the Middle East. It also seeks to contextualize Greece's current attempts to forge a proactive role across the region by providing necessary historic nuance and a comparative perspective. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Item Open AccessA global experiment on motivating social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic(National Academy of Sciences, 2022-05-27) Legate, N.; Nguyen, T.; Weinstein, N.; Moller, A.; Legault, L.; Vally, Z.; Tajchman, Z.; Zsido, A. N.; Zrimsek, M.; Chen, Z.; Ziano, I.; Gialitaki, Z.; Basnight-Brown, D. M.; Ceary, C. D.; Jang, Y.; Ijzerman, H.; Lin, Y.; Kunisato, Y.; Yamada, Y.; Xiao, Q.; Jiang, X.; Du, X.; Yao, E.; Ryan, W. S.; Wilson, J. P.; Cyrus-Lai, W.; Jimenez-Leal, W.; Law, W.; Unanue, W.; Collins, W. M.; Richard, K. L.; Vranka, M.; Ankushev, V.; Schei, V.; Lerche, V.; Kovic, V.; Krizanic, V.; Kadreva, V. H.; Adoric, V. C.; Tran, U. S.; Yeung, S. K.; Hassan, W.; Houston, R.; Urry, H. L.; Machin, M. A.; Lima, T. J. S.; Ostermann, T.; Frizzo, T.; Sverdrup, T. E.; House, T.; Gill, T.; Fedetov, M.; Paltrow, T.; Moshontz, H.; Jernsäther, T.; Rahman, T.; Machin, T.; Koptjevskaja-Tamm, M.; Hostler, T. J.; Ishii, T.; Szazsi, B.; Adamus, S.; Suter, L.; Von Bormann, S. M.; Habib, S.; Studzinska, A.; Stojanovska, D.; Jansenn, S. M. J.; Stieger, S.; Primbs, M. A.; Schulenberg, S. E.; Buchanan, E. M.; Tatachari, S.; Azouaghe, S.; Sorokowski, P.; Sorokowska, A.; Song, X.; Morbée, S.; Lewis, S.; Sinkolova, S.; Grigoryev, D.; Drexler, S. M.; Daches, S.; Levine, S. L.; Geniole, S. N.; Akter, S.; Vracar, S.; Massoni, S.; Costa, S.; Zorjan, S.; Sarioguz, E.; Izquierdo, S. M.; Tshonda, S. S.; Miller, J. K.; Alves, S. G.; Pöntinen, S.; Solas, S. A.; Ordoñez-Riaño, S.; Ocovaj, S. B.; Onie, S.; Lins, S.; Biberauer, T.; Çoksan, S.; Khumkom, S.; Sacakli, A.; Coles, N. A.; Ruiz-Fernández, S.; Geiger, S. J.; FatahModares, S.; Walczak, R. B.; Betlehem, R.; Vilar, R.; Cárcamo, R. A.; Ross, R. M.; McCarthy, R.; Ballantyne, T.; Westgate, E. C.; Ryan, R. M.; Gargurevich, R.; Afhami, R.; Ren, D.; Monteiro, R. P.; Reips, U.; Reggev, N.; Calin-Jageman, R. J.; Pourafshari, R.; Oliveira, R.; Nedelcheva-Datsova, M.; Rahal, R.; Ribeiro, R. R.; Radtke, T.; Searston, R.; Jai-Ai, R.; Habte, R.; Zdybek, P.; Chen, S; Wajanatinapart, P.; Maturan, P. L. G.; Perillo, J. T.; Isager, P. M.; Kacmár, P.; Macapagal, P. M.; Maniaci, M. R.; Szwed, P.; Hanel, P. H. P.; Forbes, P. A. G.; Arriaga, P.; Paris, B.; Parashar, N.; Papachristopoulos, K.; Chartier, C. R.; Correa, P. S.; Kácha, O.; Bernardo, M.; Campos, O.; Bravo, O. N.; Mallik, P. R.; Gallindo-Caballero, O. J.; Ogbonnaya, C. E.; Bialobrzeska, O.; Kiselnikova, N.; Simonovic, N.; Cohen, N.; Nock, N. L.; Hernandez, A.; Thogersen-Ntoumani, C.; Ntoumanis, N.; Johannes, N.; Albayrak-Aydemir, N.; Say, N.; Neubauer, A. B.; Martin, N. I.; Torunsky, N.; Van Antwerpen, N.; Van Doren, N.; Sunami, N.; Rachev, N. R.; Majeed, N. M.; Schmidt, N.; Nadif, K.; Forscher, P. S.; Corral-Frias, N. S.; Ouherrou, N.; Abbas, N.; Pantazi, M.; Lucas, M. Y.; Vasilev, M. R.; Ortiz, M. V.; Butt, M. M.; Kurfali, M.; Kabir, M.; Muda, R.; Del Carmen M. C. Tejada Rivera, M.; Sirota, M.; Seehuus, M.; Parzuchowski, M.; Toro, M.; Hricova, M.; Maldonado, M. A.; Arvanitis, A.; Rentzelas, P.; Vansteenkiste, M.; Metz, M. A.; Marszalek, M.; Karekla, M.; Mioni, G.; Bosma, M. J.; Westerlund, M.; Vdovic, M.; Bialek, M.; Silan, M. A.; Anne, M.; Misiak, M.; Gugliandolo, M. C.; Grinberg, M.; Capizzi, M.; Espinoza Barria, M. F.; Kurfali, Merve A.; Mensink, M. C.; Harutyunyan, M.; Khosla, M.; Dunn, M. R.; Korbmacher, M.; Adamkovic, M.; Ribeiro, M. F. F.; Terskova, M.; Hruška, M.; Martoncik, M.; Voracek, M.; Cadek, M.; Frias-Armenta, M.; Kowal, M.; Topor, M.; Roczniewska, M.; Oosterlinck, M.; Thomas, A. G.; Kohlová, M. B.; Paruzel-Czachura, M.; Sabristov, M.; Greenburgh, A.; Romanova, M.; Papadatou-Pastou, M.; Lund, M. L.; Antoniadi, M.; Magrin, M. E.; Jones, M. V.; Li, M.; Ortiz, M. S.; Manavalan, M.; Muminov, A.; Stoyanova, A.; Kossowska, M.; Friedemann, M.; Wielgus, M.; Van Hooff, M. L. M; Varella, M. A. C.; Standage, M.; Nicolotti, M.; Coloff, M. F.; Bradford, M.; Vaughn, L. A.; Eudave, L.; Vieira, L.; Lu, J. G.; Pineda, L. M. S.; Matos, L.; Pérez, L. C.; Lazarevic, L. B.; Jaremka, L. M.; Smit, E. S.; Kushnir, E.; Wichman, A. L.; Ferguson, L. J.; Anton-Boicuk, L.; De Holanda Coelho, G. L.; Ahlgren, L.; Liga, F.; Levitan, C. A.; Micheli, L.; Gunton, L.; Volz, L.; Stojanovska, M.; Boucher, L.; Samojlenko, L.; Delgado, L. G. J.; Kaliska, L.; Beatrix, L.; Warmelink, L.; Rojas-Berscia, L. M.; Yu, K.; Wylie, K.; Wachowicz, J.; Charyate, A. C.; Desai, K.; Barzykowski, K.; Kozma, L.; Evans, K.; Kirgizova, K.; Belaus, A.; Emmanuel Agesin, B. B.; Koehn, M. A.; Wolfe, K.; Korobova, T.; Morris, K.; Klevjer, K.; Van Schie, K.; Vezirian, K.; Damnjanovic, K.; Thommesen, K. K.; Schmidt, K.; Filip, K.; Staniaszek, K.; Adetula, A.; Grzech, K.; Hoyer, K.; Moon, K.; Khaobunmasiri, S.; Rana, K.; Janjic, K.; Suchow, J. W.; Kielinska, J.; Cruz Vásquez, J. E.; Chanal, J.; Beitner, J.; Vargas-Nieto, J. C.; Roxas, J. C. T.; Taber, J.; Urriago-Rayo, J.; Askelund, A. D.; Pavlacic, J. M.; Benka, J.; Bavolar, J.; Soto, J. A.; Olofsson, J. K.; Vilsmeier, J. K.; Messerschmidt, J.; Czamanski-Cohen, J.; Waterschoot, J.; Moss, J. D.; Boudesseul, J.; Lee, J. M.; Kamburidis, J.; Joy-Gaba, J. A.; Zickfeld, J.; Miranda, J. F.; Verharen, J. P. H.; Hristova, E.; Beshears, J. E.; Djordjevic, J. M.; Bosch, J.; Valentova, J. V.; Antfolk, J.; Berkessel, J. B.; Schrötter, J.; Urban, J.; Röer, J. P.; Norton, J. O.; Silva, J. R.; Pickerin, J. S.; Vintr, J.; Uttly, J.; Kunst, J. R.; Ndukaihe, I. L. G.; Iyer, A.; Vilares, I.; Ivanov, A.; Ropovik, I.; Sula, I.; Groyecka-Bernard, A.; Sarieva, I.; Metin-Orta, I.; Prusova, I.; Pinto, I.; Bozdoc, A. I.; Almeida, I. A. T.; Pit, I. L.; Dalgar, I.; Zakharov, I.; Arinze, A. I.; Ihaya, K.; Stephen, I. D.; Gjoneska, B.; Brohmer, H.; Flowe, H.; Godbersen, H.; Kocalar, H. E.; Hedgebeth, M. V.; Chuan-Peng, H.; Sharifian, M.; Manley, H.; Akkas, H.; Hajdu, N.; Azab, H.; Kaminski, G.; Nilsonne, G.; Anjum, G.; Travaglino, G. A.; Feldman, G.; Pfuhl, G.; Czarnek, G.; Marcu, G. M.; Hofer, G.; Banik, G.; Adetula, G. A.; Bijlstra, G.; Verbruggen, F.; Kung, F. Y. H.; Martela, F.; Foroni, F.; Forest, J.; Singer, G.; Muchembled, F.; Azevedo, F.; Mosannenzadeh, F.; Marinova, E.; Strukelj, E.; Etebari, Z.; Bradshaw, E. L.; Baskin, E.; Garcia, E. O. L.; Musser, E.; Van Steenkiste, I. M. M.; Ahn, E. R.; Quested, E.; Pronizius, E.; Jackson, E. A.; Manunta, E.; Agadullina, E.; Sakan, D.; Dursun, P.; Dujols, O.; Dubrov, D.; Willis, M.; Tümer, M.; Beaudry, J. L.; Popovic, D.; Dunleavy, D.; Djamal, I.; Krupic, D.; Herrera, D.; Vega, D.; Du, H.; Mola, D.; Chakarova, D.; Davis, W. E.; Holford, D. L.; Lewis, D. M. G.; Vaidis, D. C.; Ozery, D. H.; Ricaurte, D. Z.; Storage, D.; Sousa, D.; Alvarez, D. S.; Boller, D.; Rosa, A. D.; Dimova, D.; Krupic, D.; Marko, D.; Moreau, D.; Reeck, C.; Correia, R. C.; Whitt, C. M.; Lamm, C.; Solorzano, C. S.; Von Bastian, C. C.; Sutherland, C. A. M.; Ebersole, C. R.; Overkott, C.; Aberson, C. L.; Wang, C.; Niemiec, C. P.; Karashiali, C.; Noone, C.; Chiu, F.; Picchiocchi, C.; Brownlow, C.; Karaarslan, C.; Cellini, N.; Esteban-Serna, C.; Reyna, C.; Ferreyra, C.; Batres, C.; Li, R.; Grano, C.; Carpentier, J.; Tamnes, C. K.; Fu, C. H. Y.; Ishkhanyan, B.; Bylinina, L.; Jaeger, B.; Bundt, C.; Allred, T. B.; Vermote, B. J.; Bokkour, A.; Bogatyreva, N.; Shi, J.; Chopik, W. J.; Antazo, B.; Behzadnia, B.; Becker, M.; Bayyat, M. M.; Cocco, B.; Ahmed, A.; Chou, W.; Barkoukis, V.; Hubena, B.; Khaoudi, A.; Žuro, B.; Aczel, B.; Baklanova, E.; Bai, H.; Balci, B. B.; Babincák, P.; Soenens, B.; Dixson, B. J. W.; Mokady, A.; Kappes, H. B.; Atari, M.; Szala, A.; Szabelska, A.; Aruta, J. J. B.; Domurat, A.; Arinze, N. C.; Modena, A.; Adiguzel, A.; Monajem, A.; Ait El Arabi, K.; Özdogru, A. A.; Rothbaum, A. O.; Torres, A. O.; Theodoropoulou, A.; Skowronek, A.; Urooj, A.; Jurkovic, A. P.; Singh, A.; Kassianos, A. P.; Findor, A.; Hartanto, A.; Landry, A. T.; Ferreira, A.; Santos, A. C.; De La Rosa-Gomez, A.; Gourdon-Kanhukamwe, A.; Luxon, A. M.; Todsen, A. L.; Karababa, A.; Janak, A.; Pilato, A.; Bran, A.; Tullett, A. M.; Kuzminska, A. O.; Krafnik, A. J.; Kurfali, Merve A.; Massey, D.Finding communication strategies that effectively motivate social distancing continues to be a global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic. This crosscountry, preregistered experiment (n = 25,718 from 89 countries) tested hypotheses concerning generalizable positive and negative outcomes of social distancing messages that promoted personal agency and reflective choices (i.e., an autonomy-supportive message) or were restrictive and shaming (i.e., a controlling message) compared with no message at all. Results partially supported experimental hypotheses in that the controlling message increased controlled motivation (a poorly internalized form of motivation relying on shame, guilt, and fear of social consequences) relative to no message. On the other hand, the autonomy-supportive message lowered feelings of defiance compared with the controlling message, but the controlling message did not differ from receiving no message at all. Unexpectedly, messages did not influence autonomous motivation (a highly internalized form of motivation relying on one's core values) or behavioral intentions. Results supported hypothesized associations between people's existing autonomous and controlled motivations and self-reported behavioral intentions to engage in social distancing. Controlled motivation was associated with more defiance and less long-term behavioral intention to engage in social distancing, whereas autonomous motivation was associated with less defiance and more short- and long-term intentions to social distance. Overall, this work highlights the potential harm of using shaming and pressuring language in public health communication, with implications for the current and future global health challenges. Item Open AccessShifting responsibility in governing aging: municipal active aging discourses in Turkey(Taylor & Francis, 2022-12-28) Erman, Tahire; Yazar, Damla; Erman, Tahire; Yazar, DamlaThis article investigates active aging as a tool of governing the aging population at the municipal level. Using Foucault’s framework of governmentality, it explores the techniques of governing aging via the construction of the desirable older subjectivity, reflecting upon the role of the family in caregiving. Conducting in-depth interviews with municipal officials in charge of aging programs, we illustrated that, despite regional differences in socio-economic development levels connected to urban/modernized and rural/traditional cultural frames, all municipalities in our study embrace active aging in which older people are responsibilized for leading an active life to avoid being a burden on the family. We argue that neoliberal active aging discourses are mobilized to substitute the decreasing welfare function of conservative familialism in Turkey and the individualistic self-technologies are instrumentalized for familialist conducts. This reveals that the coexistence of multiple rationalities in the governing process can unsettle habitual consistencies between problematizations, conducts and self-technologies. Item Open AccessLeader’s reaction to exogenous political shocks breaks the path: changes in Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s leadership traits after the e-memorandum and AKP closure cases(Routledge, 2022-11-08) Cuhadar, Esra; Uluturk–Cinbiş, Sinem; Cuhadar, Esra; Uluturk–Cinbiş, SinemPersonality approaches suggest that who the leader is crucial to adequately understanding the conjuncture and historical dynamics in studying politics. In thisagent-centred perspective, personal traits and leadership styles play significant roles in shaping a leader’s policy-making process. This article provides a chance to get inside the personal ‘black-box’ of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, one of the most influential political figures in the history of the Republic of Turkey, in questioning who he is affects how he makes political decisions and how he reacts to institutional and situational constraints, such as e-memorandum and party closure case of the AKP. Reflecting the detailed results of systematic and comparative research, this article also empirically broadens the literature about Turkish leaders and provides a theoretical contribution to international leadership studies by highlighting the effects of a Turkish leader’s traits and styles on the domestic policy orientations in Turkey. Item Open AccessIntroducing the Turkey protest, repression, and pro-government rally dataset (TPRPGRD)(Routledge, 2022-08-28) Kahvecioğlu, Anıl; Demirel-Pegg, T.; Aytürk, İlker; Kahvecioğlu, Anıl; Aytürk, İlkerThe repression-protest nexus in authoritarian regimes has attracted scholarly attention of contention scholars for a long time. However, studies have generally overlooked pro-government actors’ role in contentious dynamics. This article introduces an original event dataset on protests, repression, and pro-government rallies in Turkey under the rule of the Justice and Development Party during a period in which authoritarianism has increased in intensity. Using protest event analysis, this dataset includes actions of governments, pro-government actors, and dissidents hand-coded from two newspapers between 1 January 2013, and 31 December 2016. The dataset enables researchers to study pro-government rallies (PGRs), anti-government protests, and state actions during a heightened period of contention in Turkey. Item Open AccessTurkey’s republican people’s party (CHP): a longue durée analysis(Routledge, 2022-09-14) Çınar, K.; Uğur-Çınar, Meral; Açıkgöz, Ali; Uğur-Çınar, Meral; Açıkgöz, AliThis article employs regressive and spatial analyses to understand the correlates of the CHP’s electoral support from the first competitive elections in 1950 to the present. We find that despite some continuities in its constituency, the CHP’s voter base has changed significantly with regards to key political and social dynamics such as the Kurdish vote, effective number of parties, and urbanization. The findings give credence to the role of political leadership as well as the evolutionary capability of the party, both of which can have important implications regarding the future electoral trajectory of the party and of Turkey’s political regime. Item Open AccessBetween escalation and détente: Greek-Turkish relations in the aftermath of the Eastern Mediterranean crisis(Routledge, 2022-06-23) Grigoriadis, Ioannis N.; Grigoriadis, Ioannis N.This paper aims to evaluate the state of Greek-Turkish relations in light of recent developments in the reconfiguration of Turkish foreign policy. Following twenty years of détente and relative calm in bilateral relations, the year 2020 witnessed two escalations in Greek-Turkish relations, one in March involving refugees and immigrants on the Greek-Turkish land border and another in August involving military vessels of the two countries. The refugee crisis and potential military conflict regarding energy exploration in the Eastern Mediterranean have raised tensions at a moment the political and institutional tools for the promotion of conflict resolution between Greece and Turkey linked to Turkey’s EU membership perspective appear to be obsolete. This paper seeks an answer to the question of whether structural or ideational factors played the most prominent role in the recent escalation of the Greek-Turkish disputes. Item Open AccessPolitics of remembering the enemy: prisoner narratives of the 1980 military coup(Routledge, 2022-05-08) Şensönmez, Gökhan; Şensönmez, GökhanThis article examines 64 autobiographical narratives written by erstwhile political prisoners who were forced to cohabitate with their adversaries in post-1980 coup military prisons of Turkey in the mixing-for-peace (karıştır-barıştır) program. Tracing these narratives published between 1988 and 2019, it argues that there are three recurrent versions of remembering the enemy: ‘the unjust’ is utilized in the identity reformulation of right-wing Ülkücü militants whereas ‘the miserable fascist’ reaffirmed the leftists’ superior self-image vis-à-vis the right-wingers. While these two are predominantly entrenched in far-right and far-left memory camps, remembering the enemy as ‘the fellow victim’ provides a case of multidirectional memory as it was expressed by both left-wing and right-wing political figures to narrativize their break from radicalism and to whitewash their responsibility in the past violence. This tripartite division in remembering the enemy suggests the addition of a radical/centrist axis to the conventional left/right axis for a more comprehensive understanding of post-coup memory in Turkey. Item Open AccessConfronting gendered constructions of refugee deservingness and representations: Syrian refugee women strategising for humanitarian aid in Turkey(Routledge, 2022-12-12) Zadhy, Aminath Nisha; Erman, Tahire; Zadhy, Aminath Nisha; Erman, TahireThis study shows how Syrian refugee women living in Ankara cope with their systematically enforced dependency on humanitarian aid through individual and collective agency as they negotiate their inclusion into categories of deservingness and attempt to maintain this inclusion. We argue that the gendered discourses used to delineate deservingness categories in the humanitarian field clash heavily with the portrayal of Syrian refugees in Turkish public discourse. Our qualitative data demonstrate how notions in the humanitarian field about women’s role in the family as nurturing homemakers, assumptions about their innate docility as vulnerable refugees and the contrasting portrayals in Turkish society of Syrian refugee women as sexualised threats to the Turkish family shape their agentive negotiations and subsequently lead to multiple tensions. We also highlight how the centrality of gender in the discursive framing of refugees in Turkey produces the idealised refugee in the figure of the widowed refugee mother. By problematising how refugee women’s agency play out, we intervene in the discussion about the gendered terrains of refugeehood and provide empirical weight for the exploration of the paradoxes in the humanitarian field that refugee women struggle to resolve. Item Open AccessIslam and existentialism in Turkey during the Cold War in the works of Sezai Karakoç(Routledge, 2022-04-29) Çitler, Gözde Damla; Çitler, Gözde DamlaExistentialist thought has influenced arts and literature movements in Turkey starting from the early Cold War years. The Second New movement in Turkish poetry was able to distinguish itself as a literary movement by focusing on the constrained individual who lost their voice and autonomy in the repressive and polarized conditions of the Cold War. Sezai Karakoç (b. 1933) is a prominent Turkish and conservative-Muslim intellectual, and a poet of the Second New whose work shows the effects of existentialist philosophy and he uses existential notions to formulate a doctrine. With this doctrine and his unique perspective of what this article construes to be a part of the Islamic existentialism, Karakoç remains a pivotal figure in explaining existentialism’s influence in Turkish literature and politics from a religious standpoint. Although affected by the existentialist thought, Karakoç refuses Sartrean atheism or Camusian absurdism to understand the laws of existence, and ties both nature’s and human’s reason of existence to Allah with a fundamental belief maintains that everything is linked to Him. In doing so, he uses the notion of death as a transcendental experience for the human beings, which enriches life with an experiment that exceeds the boundaries of the physical rules. Item Open AccessGeographies of shame: Diachronic and transnational shame in forced migrants with experiences of sexual and gender-based violencd(Oxford University Press, 2022-06-30) Papoutsi, A.; Phillimore, J.; Akyüz, Selin; Bradby, H.; Goodson, L.; Vaughan, C.; Akyüz, SelinThis article investigates the shame that forced migrants bear because of experiences of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Using data from the UK, Turkey, Sweden, and Australia, we focus on shame experienced by women and LGBTQIA+ forced migrants throughout their journey, across borders and cultures. We propose three key ways to understand the complexities of shame from an experiential, temporal, and spatial perspective. First, we discuss how shame, often relating to family honour and stemming from survivors’ experiences in their home country, travels with them over time and space. We then move on to illustrate how prolonged and/or delayed feelings of shame impact on survivors’ self-confidence, self-worth, and trust in people and institutions. Finally, we consider the specific challenges LGBTQIA+ individuals face and how shame affected their settlement prospects. We argue that the SGBV experiences of forced migrants and the associated shame transcend time and space, forming landscapes of transnational and diachronic shame. Our analysis underlines the need for gender and sexuality-sensitive services for forced migrants in countries of refuge, which take into account potential ongoing effects of experiences of violence. Item Open AccessEmbattled ballots, quiet streets: Competitive authoritarianism and dampening anti-government protests in Turkey(Routledge, 2022-09-16) Kahvecioğlu, Anıl; Patan, S.; Kahvecioğlu, AnılMass protests frequently occur in electoral autocracies. However, the opposite is true in Turkey, despite mounting grievances and a strong opposition presence with institutional resources. We argue that competitive authoritarian regimes, a subset of electoral autocracies, may dampen mass protests, allowing the opposition an opportunity to defeat the incumbents through elections. Studying Turkey’s main opposition party, we identify three mechanisms that show how politicians strategically respond to the regime’s incentives and constraints leading to protest-averse behaviour. First, the regime’s repression capacity discourages the opposition from openly supporting a mass protest. Second, the opposition learns to target the median voter, which leads to political moderation and protest averseness. Finally, prospective electoral success reinforces the opposition’s commitment to a ballot-centred approach. Item Open AccessThe European Union’s crises and the resilience of EU societies(Routledge, 2022-07-22) Sefer, Özlem; Sefer, ÖzlemResilience is one of the most popular and yet ambiguous topics in the social sciences. It has been examined not only in an individual sense but also in relation to communities. The European Union (EU) has faced several crises in the 2000s that have shown the level of resilience of EU societies. This paper discusses community resilience within the framework of the EU’s recent crises to examine how EU societies have coped with adversity. Specifically, it analyses competences and common policies at the EU level in relation to resilience and crises within the EU. Item Open AccessMaking sense of senseless times: Religious narratives and identity in the memoirs of far-right militants in Turkey(Routledge, 2022-08-18) Çınar, Meral Uğur; Şensönmez, Gökhan; Çınar, Meral Uğur; Şensönmez, GökhanThis article traces the autobiographical narratives of the far-right Ülkücü militants in Turkey, based on memoirs written in the aftermath of the 1980 coup. The Ülkücüs, who had fought on the streets against the leftist during the 1970s in the name of the state and nation, experienced a great rupture in their lives following their torturous treatment at the hands of the junta. This article examines the ways in which narratives functioned in their attempts to make sense of their situation and in their attempt to regain coherence and meaning in terms of identity. We find that while their autobiographical narratives formulated in religious terms helped to instigate a sense of meaning, worth, and coherence in the lives of the Ülkücüs, these same narratives also ensured that they could escape any conscientious attempt to come to terms with the past. With this work, we hope to open new avenues of research, particularly focusing on the role of autobiographical narratives both in terms of the construction and negotiation of political identities and in relation to the prospects of coming to terms with the past. Item Open AccessInstitutions in the politics of policy change: who can play, how they play in multiple streams(Cambridge University Press, 2022-03-17) Bolukbasi, H. Tolga; Yildirim, Deniz; Bolukbasi, H. Tolga; Yildirim, DenizThis article explores the politics of policy change by focusing on agenda setting through the lens of the Multiple Streams Approach (MSA), which has been travelling to ever-larger geographies. We aim to produce signposts for future case studies of policy change by bringing together insights from MSA and New Institutionalism. We ask: Which institutions should we focus on when studying agenda-setting politics in different geographies? How do these institutions shape MSA's structural elements - problem stream, policy stream, political stream, policy windows, and policy entrepreneur? In answering these questions, we hope to weave not only formal but also informal institutions into MSA's backbone more tightly. We bring together diverse case studies that are sufficiently abstract and whose findings travel easily across other institutional contexts. We revisit the structural elements of MSA and illustrate how key formal and informal rules structure the politics in these structural elements. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press.