Browsing Department of Political Science and Public Administration by Title
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Item Open Access Item Open AccessAcademics in motion: cultural encapsulation and feeling at home(Wiley-Blackwel, 2004) Tandogan, Z. G.; Incirlioglu, E. O.In this article we explore the concept of "home" and transnational experiences among expatriate academics in a multicultural housing complex of a private university in Ankara, Turkey. The international academics employed by the university and the educators working in the International School that is also located on campus constitute a sizeable proportion of the residents in this housing complex. Although on-campus housing that comes with some degree of cultural encapsulation has considerable advantages for a group of expatriates, it also creates perplexities due to the distant location of the campus from the city center, the limited availability of social contact with the locals, and the "sterility" of the university environment. Based on indepth interviews with a small group of these expatriates, we present the quandaries of cultural encapsulation and feeling at home. Item Open AccessAn action research report on the rising democracy discourse in 2000's Turkey: does Eros contour the demos?(Elsevier, 2007) Cindoglu, D.; Boynukara, A.; Akyuz, S.; Bekaroğlu, E. A.This article conceptualizes gender equity and sexual liberty issues that most of the literature on democracy and democratization in Turkey fails to address. The major focus of the article is on the convergent and divergent positions of the rising democratization discourse in contemporary Turkey. When the democratization discourses of different political groups are analyzed, we see that the convergent points consist of legal and constitutional changes that aim at political and economic liberalization, while the divergent points include liberalization in the private sphere and engaging in gender equity and sexual liberty issues. Therefore, we argue that it is crucial to analyze gender equity and sexual liberty issues with more dynamic concepts such as globalization and the EU accession process of Turkey rather than the essentialist ones like Islam. Item Open AccessAdapting, defending and transforming ourselves: conceptualizations of self practices in the social science literature(Sage Publications Ltd., 2015) Karakayali, N.Self practices – mental and bodily activities through which individuals try to give a shape to their existence – have been a topic of interest in the social science literature for over a century now. These studies bring into focus that such activities play important roles in our relationship to our social environment. But beyond this general insight we still do not have a framework for elucidating what kind of roles/uses have been attributed to self practices by social theorists historically. Through an analysis of the works of 5 major contributors to the literature (Durkheim, Mauss, Simmel, Giddens and Foucault), the article highlights three distinct conceptualizations, which draw attention to the adaptive, defensive and transformative uses of self practices. Adaptive uses allow individuals to adjust their conduct to collective norms; defensive uses serve the maintenance and protection of self-identity despite de-individualizing pressures; and transformative self practices target the development of alternative ways of living. It is further suggested that the framework developed in the article can provide important clues about the different ‘practical’ solutions offered by social theorists to the problems that modern individuals face in constituting themselves as autonomous subjects. Item Open AccessAddressing Kurdish separatism in Turkey(Palgrave Macmillan, 1999) Müftüler-Baç, Meltem; Ross, M. H.; Rothman, J.One of the ongoing themes in descriptions of ethnic conflicts and their settlement is that there is a role for a wide range of interveners. The reason for this may be simple: that there is a great deal which needs to occur before hostile groups can find ways to live together in relativepeace. A well-developed theory of ethnic conflict resolution would not only take into account the roles that different actors can play in the process, but would also offer insights into the particular roles each might play at different stages of a conflict. Item Open AccessAesthetics of blankness: Political imagination in Marguerite Duras's hybrid narratives(Columbia University-Department of French and Romance Philology, 2010) Just, D. Item Open AccessThe afraid create the fear: perceptions of refugees by ‘gün’ groups in Turkey(Routledge, 2021) Özçürümez, Saime; Mete, Hatice; Özçürümez, Saime; Mete, HaticeThis study investigates the perceptions of the local female population towards displaced Syrians in Turkey. The research is based on the analysis of data from participant observation and discourse analysis of conversations in five ‘gün’ groups, which are informal, social, and fairly regular gatherings of local women, in Mersin in Spring 2018. Five common discursive patterns are identified: stereotyping, biased perceptions, ‘us’ vs. ‘them’, scapegoating, and discrimination. We conclude that local women’s discourses reveal marginalisation and discursive exclusion of displaced Syrians in Turkey, and argue that such othering originates not only from existing cultural differences, language barriers, and lack of trust, but also from lack of sustained social interaction between these groups. Further studies should facilitate both knowledge sharing about the additional vulnerabilities such attitudes create for displaced people and potential paths for meaningful engagement between local community members and forcibly displaced people. Item Open AccessAgricultural policy(Taylor and Francis, 2015) Togan, S.This chapter describes an overview of developments in the Turkish agricultural sector prior to the start of accession negotiations. It deals with on commitments. The chapter discusses the implementation issues. It also discusses the determination of budgetary costs of implementation. In the European Union (EU) the acquis on agriculture covers a large number of binding rules. It is emphasized that proper application of these rules and their effective enforcement by an efficient public administration are essential for the functioning of the common agricultural policy (CAP). The chapter deals with the real value of total of personnel expenditures, current expenditures and investment expenditures at Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock (MoFAL) would have increased at the same annual growth rate as that of real value added in agriculture, if the Accession Partnership had not been implemented. MoFAL together with the Ministry of Economy are responsible for checks for conformity to marketing standards. Item Open AccessThe alla franca dandy; modernity and the novel in the late 19th-century Ottoman Empire(Routledge, 2020-05) Mühürcüoğlu, KorhanIn the late 19th-century Ottoman novel, an iconic character draws attention: the alla franca dandy; a man who admires the Western culture to the point of mindless imitation, and who stands aloof from his own society as he condemns the Ottoman/Islamic culture in aesthetical terms. He was born out of the Ottoman intellectuals’ ideas of and anxiety over Westernization, who sought to modernize the society without subverting the traditional foundations. As the Ottoman/Islamic and Western cultures collided, the alla franca dandy figure became the embodiment of Westernization gone astray and served the intellectuals’ objective to educate the masses by setting a bad example to be avoided. However, though the alla franca dandy figure was brought forth, in this manner, to circumscribe the proper limits of modernization, he ironically evolved, through the novels of different authors, to express individualistic attitudes, and put forth a modernist critique of the Ottoman/Islamic tradition as the intellectuals’ epistemological assumptions eroded and the society’s present is questioned and problematized as in need of intervention. Item UnknownAllies or partners? an appraisal of Turkey's ties to Russia, 1991-2007(East European Quarterly, 2007) Yanık, L. K. Item UnknownAlternative futures for the Middle East(Pergamon Press, 2001) Bilgin, P.This paper investigates alternative futures of security in the Middle East in an attempt to discover a path that could take the region from an insecure past to a more secure future. Looking at five scenarios about the future of world politics, namely, globalisation, fragmentation, clash of civilisations, democratic peace and the formation of a security community, the paper argues that although each scenario has its strengths (as well as weaknesses), it is the scenario that foresees the establishment of a security community that incorporates a more explicit consideration for shaping a more secure future for the Middle East. Item Unknown¡Americano! Roger Clyne and the Peacemakers Rock the Borderlands of Transnationall America1(Wiley Periodicals, Inc., 2014) Reimer, J. A. Item UnknownAn analysis of Turkey's prospective membership in the European Union from a 'security' perspective(2003) Oǧuzlu, H. TarıkThis article argues that it is possible to explain the European Union's reluctant attitude towards Turkey's membership in the EU on the basis of the EU's international and security identity and Turkey's security culture and perception of Europe. The EU's final decision on Turkey's accession is dependent both on Turkey's performance in adopting the EU's distinctive security identity and on the continuation of the EU member-states' commitment to turning the EU into an international actor with vital security interests in Turkey's vicinity. On the basis of this reasoning, the article reaches two main conclusions. The first is that the prospects for Turkey's EU membership are better in the post-11 September era than they were in the 1990s. The second is that there is a close relationship between the way the EU accession process unfolds and the way Turkey and the EU see each other. The longer the accession process lasts and the more ambiguously the EU reacts towards Turkey's membership, the more likely Turkey and the EU will view each other as 'security threats' rather than 'security providers'. Item UnknownAn anatomy of the transformation of the US–Turkish alliance: from “Cold War” to “War on Iraq”(Routledge, 2005-09) Güney, A.This essay examines the evolution of Turkish–US relations in three different time periods: the Cold War, the post-Cold War and the post-9/11 period. While the relationship was referred to as an “alliance” during the Cold War, established with a common interest to contain the Soviet communist threat, the post-Cold War period posed important challenges and transformed the relations first into an “enhanced partnership” and then into a “strategic partnership.” The post-9/11 period has put under scrutiny the viability of the strategic partnership as relations between the two countries have been going through a crisis with the war on Iraq waged by the United States from March 2003. The essay aims at analyzing the factors and dynamics behind this transformation in the alliance. It concludes that the raison d’être and the natııre of the Turkish–US alliance have undergone considerable change as Turkey has in time started to pursue a more independent and multidimensional policy. Relations, in this period, seem to be entering yet another phase and converting from a “strategic partnership” to “partnership for democracy” in the greater Middle East. Item UnknownThe anatomy of the Turkish Military's political autonomy(City University of New York * Political Science Program, 1997) Sakallioğlu, Ü. C. Item UnknownAntioch's Last Heirs: The Hatay Greek Orthodox Community between Greece, Syria and Turkey(Cambridge University Press, 2022-10-01) Grigoriadis, Ioannis Ν.; Grigoriadis, Ioannis Ν.This study explores the identity dynamics of the Arabic-speaking Greek Orthodox community of the Hatay province of Turkey. Citizens of Turkey, members of the Greek Orthodox church and Arabic speakers, members of this small but historic community stood at the crossroads of three nationalisms: Greek, Syrian and Turkish. Following the urbanization waves that swept through the Turkish countryside since the 1950s, thousands of Hatay Greek Orthodox moved to Istanbul and were given the chance to integrate with the Greek minority there. The case of the Hatay Greek Orthodox community points to the resilience of millet-based identities, more than a century after the demise of the Ottoman Empire. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman and Modern Greek Studies, University of Birmingham. Item UnknownThe Arab Spring: A Game Changer in Turkey-EU Relations?(2013) Dinçer O.B.; Kutlay, M.We argue in this paper that the Arab Spring has opened a window of opportunity not just to create stability and democracy in one of the most unstable regions of the world, but also for revitalizing Turkey-EU relations. In theory, Turkey-EU cooperation can make a decisive difference in determining the outcome of the triangular relationship between stability, development, and democratization in the Arab region. In normative terms, as an opportunity, it must be turned into an advantage. From a practical perspective, however, transforming the window of opportunity into policy output is linked to the policy leadership of the sides involved to undergo a paradigm shift in their approach to the region and toward one another. © 2013 Taylor & Francis. Item Open AccessArchitects and the architectural profession in the Turkish context(Taylor & Francis Inc., 2004) Erman, T.; Altay, B.; Altay, C.This article explores the social construction of the architectural profession in the Turkish context from a historical perspective. It investigates architects' views regarding their roles in society and their positions vis-à-vis their clients and users. The data from in-depth interviews conducted with twentyfour practicing architects demonstrate that both traces of elitism and the tendency to define their professional roles to affect people's lives through their designs have prevailed in architects' beliefs and actions to varying degrees.