Chemical vapor transport synthesis of a selenium-based two-dimensional material

Date

2018

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Source Title

Turkish Journal of Physics

Print ISSN

1300-0101

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TÜBITAK

Volume

42

Issue

3

Pages

293 - 301

Language

English

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Abstract

Selenium-based layered materials, and in particular transition-metal diselenides (TMDSs), have intriguing properties in the monolayer limit. Materials such as MoSe2, WSe2, and NbSe2 display striking features such as spin-valley coupling at the valence-band edges and offer great potential for optoelectronics applications. Although a dozen of other TMDSs have been realized or proposed, whether two-dimensional chalcogens are possible or not is still an open challenge. In this work, we show the chemical vapor transport synthesis of a novel, atomically thin selenium-based material on oxidized silicon substrates. This new member of the two-dimensional materials family has a unique Raman spectrum similar to that of bulk selenium and has an optical gap of ∼1.57 eV at room temperature determined by the photoluminescence. No transition metals are found in the stoichiometry of the crystals. Analysis of high-resolution transmission electron micrographs of the monolayers reveals a distinctive set of hexagonal spots indicating a sixfold symmetry of the lattice. Atomic force microscopy measurements show the monolayer thickness to be ∼0.75 nm.

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