House prices and bank loan portfolios in an emerging market: The role of bank ownership

Date
2022-01
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Source Title
Economic Modelling
Print ISSN
0264-9993
Electronic ISSN
1873-6122
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
106
Issue
Pages
105683-1 - 105683-13
Language
English
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Abstract

Evidence from developed markets suggests that banks increase their mortgage loans with house price appreciation, but the findings for commercial and consumer loans are mixed. How do banks change their loan allocation with the appreciation of house prices in an emerging market? Do state-owned banks behave differently? We answer these questions using province-level data from Turkey over 2007Q4–2015Q2 and unavailable land share and mortgage rate as instruments for house price growth. We find that banks substitute away from commercial and industrial loans to mortgage, consumer, and construction loans as house prices appreciate. In addition, state-owned banks misallocate their loans by reducing their commercial and agricultural lending more than private banks. Our results imply that the policymakers should consider the adverse effects of house price appreciation due to the crowding-out of commercial loans, especially by state-owned banks

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Published Version (Please cite this version)