Plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition of amorphous Ga2O3 gate dielectrics

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2024-08-30
Date
2022-08-30
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Source Title
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Print ISSN
0022-3697
Electronic ISSN
1879-2553
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Volume
170
Issue
Pages
110976- 1 - 110976- 8
Language
English
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Abstract

Amorphous gallium oxide (Ga2O3) thin films were investigated as gate dielectrics for electronic device applications using plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition. The structural and morphological properties as well as the electrical and dielectric behaviors of Ga2O3 thin films were explored. The surface morphology of the amorphous Ga2O3 thin film was highly smooth with root mean square of 0.55 nm and low defect density, which were visible to atomic force microscopy. The grazing incidence X-ray diffraction pattern showed no discernible peak, indicating that the film was amorphous. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy depth-profiling analysis showed that the Ga/O ratio was 0.76, slightly more than the optimum 2/3 ratio (0.67). The temperature-dependent current–voltage characteristics of the Au/Ni/Ga2O3/p-Si structure revealed that ideality factor and barrier height values decreased and increased with increasing temperature, respectively, demonstrating their high temperature dependency. Regardless of the applied frequency, Ga2O3 thin films exhibited a good dielectric constant of about ∼9 at zero bias voltage. The comprehensive capacitance–voltage analysis showed low trap densities of about 1012 eV−1 cm−2 at the Ga2O3–p-Si interface.

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