Intergenerational transmission of education: A case study of COVID -19

Date
2023-06
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Akyol, Şaziye Pelin
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Bilkent University
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English
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Abstract

The intergenerational transmission of education is a well-established idea theoretically and empirically for developed countries. Yet, we must still understand this phenomenon in a developing country context. In this study, we utilize the exogenous variation induced by the 1997 Compulsory Schooling Law of Turkey to estimate the causal link between mothers' education and their children's online education experience during COVID-19 Online Education Era by using the 2021 Survey on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage in Households and by Individuals. We find that the education reform did not significantly affect the information and communication technologies the children have access to, the probability of participating in online classes at least once, and the total and educational hours spent on the computer or the internet. However, we find that the reform positively and significantly affected using the Internet to do homework. These results indicate that the mother's reform status does not affect the "quantity" of online education, but it affects the "quality" of online education.

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