Early warning systems for currency and systemic banking crises in Vietnam
This paper introduces a new early warning system (EWS) for cur rency and systemic banking crises in emerging and frontier emer ging markets, which combines the methods of Signal, Logit/Probit, BMA, and 2SLS. We apply this framework to the case of Vietnam, a fast-growing and leading frontier emerging market. Using data covering the period from January 2002 to December 2016, our EWS suggests a low crisis probability for the 2017–2018 period. The empirical results also reveal the importance of eight key indicators, namely securities index, real effective exchange rate, exports, M2/ reserves, bank deposits, reserves, M2 multiplier and the impact of the 2008–2009 global financial crisis in the success of the new EWS. Our results support the earlier findings on i) the impact of dollarisa tion on currency crises and ii) the impact of the global financial crisis on both currency and systemic banking crises in Vietnam.