Fabrication and characterization of high-speed, high quantum efficiency, resonant cavity enhanced Schottky photodiodes

Date
1998
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Özbay, Ekmel
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Bilkent University
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English
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Abstract

Rapidly developing “photonics” technology promises higher bcindwidths of communiccition than any other techniciue did ever. The increasing rate of communication not only alters science and technology, but brings a global cultural exchange, which seems to be one of the most important revolutions in the history. Photodetectors, as vital corniDonents of optoelectronics, cire still being developed to achieve satisfying performances for the increasing communication demcinds. We have designed and fabricated high-speed, high efficiency resonant Ccivity enhanced (RCE) Schottky photodiodes, suitable for 800-850 mil operation wavelengths. We have used two different GaAs/AlGaAs based epitaxial structures to achieve high performance. From one of these structures, we fabricated photodiodes with 50% quantum efficiency and 80 GHz 3-dB bandwidth. The other structure had a design suitable for préfabrication wavelength tuning and adjustable active layer thickness. On this structure, we achieved 20% quantum efficiency along with, world record for RGB photodiodes, over 110 (Hlz 3-dB estimated bandwidth. We investigated effects of active layer, top Au layer, and silicon nitride coating layer thicknesses on the RCE devices. Discrepancy between theory and experiments were also explained briefly. Methods for improving performances of photodiodes has been proposed ¿is possible future work. Possible appliccitions, which may make use of current knowhow on the subject, have also been mentioned.

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