97 percent light absorption in an ultrabroadband frequency range utilizing an ultrathin metal layer: randomly oriented, densely packed dielectric nanowires as an excellent light trapping scaffold
In this paper, we propose a facile and large scale compatible design to obtain perfect ultrabroadband light absorption using metal-dielectric core-shell nanowires. The design consists of atomic layer deposited (ALD) Pt metal uniformly wrapped around hydrothermally grown titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanowires. It is found that the randomly oriented dense TiO2 nanowires can impose excellent light trapping properties where the existence of an ultrathin Pt layer (with a thickness of 10 nm) can absorb the light in an ultrabroadband frequency range with an amount near unity. Throughout this study, we first investigate the formation of resonant modes in the metallic nanowires. Our findings prove that a nanowire structure can support multiple longitudinal localized surface plasmons (LSPs) along its axis together with transverse resonance modes. Our investigations showed that the spectral position of these resonance peaks can be tuned with the length, radius, and orientation of the nanowire. Therefore, TiO2 random nanowires can contain all of these features simultaneously in which the superposition of responses for these different geometries leads to a flat perfect light absorption. The obtained results demonstrate that taking unique advantages of the ALD method, together with excellent light trapping of chemically synthesized nanowires, a perfect, bifacial, wide angle, and large scale compatible absorber can be made where an excellent performance is achieved while using less materials.