Atomic scale study of friction and energy dissipation
This paper presents an analysis of the interaction energy and various forces between two surfaces, and the microscopic study of friction. Atomic-scale simulations of dry sliding friction and boundary lubrication are based on the classical molecular dynamics (CMD) calculations using realistic empirical potentials. The dry sliding of a single metal asperity on an incommensurate substrate surface exhibits a quasi-periodic variation of the lateral force with two different stick-slip stage involving two structural transformation followed by a wear. The contact area of the asperity increases discontinuously with increasing normal force. Xe atoms placed between two atomically flat Ni surfaces screen the Ni-Ni interaction, decrease the corrugation of the potential energy as well as the friction force at submonolayer coverage. We present a phononic model of energy dissipation from an asperity to the substrates. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.