Nanomaterials for bone tissue regeneration and orthopedic implants

Date
2016-03-11
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Publisher
John Wiley & Sons
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Pages
119 - 151
Language
English
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Abstract

Hierarchical organization and specialized composition of bone extracellular matrix (ECM) control the cellular processes including proliferation, migration, and differentiation for continuous modulation and maintenance of structure. For bone tissue regeneration, peptideor polymer‐based biomaterials have offered a framework to design interactive molecules displaying bone composite properties to mimic living bone tissue. This chapter reviews the structure and properties of peptide‐ and polymer‐based soft grafts for bone tissue regeneration, with a summary of upcoming goals and challenges in the future of these versatile materials. It basically covers types and applications of soft bone grafts, directed bone regeneration from biocompatible and bioactive biomaterials, and nanocomposite scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration. Bone regeneration studies have been primarily focused on polymers and synthetic proteins. The chapter describes some of the significant contribcutions to the field of bone regeneration with self‐assembled peptide structures.

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Therapeutic nanomaterials
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