Hartree-Fock approximation of bipolaron state in quantum dots and wires
The bipolaronic ground state of two electrons in a spherical quantum dot or a quantum wire with parabolic boundaries is studied in the strong electron-phonon coupling regime. We introduce a variational wave function that can conveniently conform to represent alternative ground state configurations of the two electrons, namely, the bipolaronic bound state, the state of two individual polarons, and two nearby interacting polarons confined by the external potential. In the bipolaron state the electrons are found to be separated by a finite distance about a polaron size. We present the formation and stability criteria of bipolaronic phase in confined media. It is shown that the quantum dot confinement extends the domain of stability of the bipolaronic bound state of two electrons as compared to the bulk geometry, whereas the quantum wire geometry aggravates the formation of stable bipolarons.