Effects of milling and annealing on formation and structural characterization of nanocrystalline intermetallic compounds from Ni-Ti elemental powders
Nickel and Titanium elemental powders with a nominal composition Ni-50 at.%Ti were mechanical alloyed in a planetary high-energy ball mill in different milling conditions (5, 10, 20, 40 and 60 h). The investigation revealed that increasing milling time leads to a reduction in crystallite size, and after 60 h of milling, the Ti dissolved in Ni lattice and NiTi (B2) phase was obtained. With milling time, morphology of pre-alloyed powders changed from lamella to globular. Annealing of as-milled powders at 1173 K for 900 s led to formation of nanocrystalline NiTi (B19′), grain growth and release of internal strain. The results indicated that this technique is a powerful and high productive process for preparing NiTi intermetallic compound with nanocrystalline structure and appropriate morphology. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.