Enhanced spontaneous emission in semiconductor nanocrystal solids using resonant energy transfer for integrated devices
Size-tuneable optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystal (NC) quantum dots make them attractive for a wide range of device applications. However, in these device applications, nanocrystals typically suffer from relatively low quantum efficiency (QE) when they are cast into solid form. To reduce the effect of this problem, we propose and demonstrate the enhancement of spontaneous emission in nanocrystal solids by recycling their trapped excitons through resonant nonradiative Forster energy transfer (ET) for hybrid integrated devices. For this purpose, we designed closely packed CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystal emitters with an energy gradient of approximately 160 meV integrated on LEDs.