Low temperature deposition of Ga2O3 thin films using trimethylgallium and oxygen plasma
Gallium oxide (Ga2O3) thin films were deposited by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (ALD) using trimethylgallium as the gallium precursor and oxygen plasma as the oxidant. A wide ALD temperature window was observed from 100 to 400 °C, where deposition rate was constant at ∼0.53 Å/cycle. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy survey scans indicated the presence of gallium, oxygen, and carbon elements with concentrations of ∼36, ∼51.8, and ∼12.2 at. %, respectively. As-deposited films were amorphous; upon annealing at 900 °C under N 2 atmosphere for 30 min, polycrystalline β-Ga2O 3 phase with a monoclinic crystal structure was obtained. Refractive index and root mean square roughness of the annealed Ga2O3 film were higher than those of the as-deposited due to crystallization. © 2013 American Vacuum Society.