Liquid-phase sintering of medical-grade P558 stainless steel using a new biocompatible eutectic additive

Date
2012-02-02
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Source Title
Materials Letters
Print ISSN
0167-577X
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Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
74
Issue
Pages
209 - 212
Language
English
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Abstract

One of the effective approaches to reduce residual pores in powder metallurgy parts is activated liquid-phase sintering process using proper additives. In this work, for the first time, a new biocompatible additive (Mn-11.5 wt.% Si, a eutectic alloy) is experimented for liquid-phase sintering of nanocrystalline/amorphous P558 stainless steel powders. It is realized that by increasing the sintering aid content and temperature, the density is effectively increased: a sharp densification progress when the sintering temperature increases from 1000 °C to 1050 °C and a slower densification rate when it exceeds 1050 °C. This preliminary study opens up the development of high-density medical-grade stainless steels produced by powder metallurgy, where suitable additives can lower sintering temperature and time, which is promising for retarding grain growth and commercial applications.

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