High-speed resonant-cavity-enhanced Schottky photodiodes
The top-illuminated Schottky photodiodes were fabricated by a microwave-compatible monolithic microfabrication process. Fabrication started with formation of ohmic contacts to n+ layers. Mesa isolation was followed by a Ti-Au interconnect metallization. Following this, a semitransparent Au Schottky metal and a silicon nitride layer was deposited. Finally, a thick Ti-Au layer was deposited to form an air bridge connection between the interconnect and the Schottky metal. The optical properties of the photodiodes were simulated using a transfer matrix method.