From nomadism to sedentary life in Central Anatolia : the case of Rışvan tribe (1830-1932)

Date
2011
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Özel, Oktay
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Bilkent University
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English
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Abstract

This thesis presents an overview of how the Ottoman Empire established its relations with nomads and how it managed to administrate the settlement of nomadic tribes. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the dynamics that made the sedentarization of nomadic tribes necessary in the 19th century with particular reference to the settlement of RıĢvan tribe in Central Anatolia, more specifically in Haymana. In this respect, the effects of this settlement on the population structure and settlement geography of Haymana are examined. The thesis also deals with the challenges the newly settled nomadic RıĢvan tribesmen faced such as the settlement and adaptation problems in the sedentarization process and afterwards. Lastly, the factors that affected and extended the sedentarization process are analyzed in comparison with the experiences in the other Middle-Eastern examples of sedentarization and settlement processes

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