Evolutionary explanations of Syrian—Turkish water conflict

Date
2008
Advisor
Supervisor
Co-Advisor
Co-Supervisor
Instructor
Source Title
Print ISSN
1574-0919
Electronic ISSN
2215-1621
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht
Volume
Issue
Pages
149 - 159
Language
English
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Series
Advances in Global Change Research;31
Abstract

The issues of water and territory dominate relations between Syria and Turkey, upstream and downstream riparians in the Euphrates and Tigris basin. This chapter propose an evolutionary game to explore eventual trajectories of riparian relations. Turkish hawks are defined as those Turkish foreign policies that support no water concessions. Turkish doves can instead support the flow of an increased amount of water to Syria on the basis of an international agreement. Syrian hawks are those Syrian foreign policies that do not recognize Turkish sovereignty over Hatay—also known as the Sandjak of Alexandretta. Syrian doves can in turn accept that the territory belongs now to Turkey. It is found that evolutionary stability does not depend upon the values territory and water represent for the fitness of Syrian and Turkish foreign policies. No evolutionary stability is possible unless doves are cooperative towards hawks. If doves are cooperative towards hawks, the unique evolutionarily stable outcome implies their extinction. Riparian relations will ultimately evolve into mutual intransigence.

Course
Other identifiers
Book Title
Mountains: sources of water, sources of knowledge
Citation