Triangular metallic gratings for large absorption enhancement in thin film Si solar cells

Date
2012
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Source Title
Optics Express
Print ISSN
10944087
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Publisher
Optical Society of American (OSA)
Volume
20
Issue
9
Pages
9458 - 9464
Language
English
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Abstract

We estimate high optical absorption in silicon thin film photovoltaic devices using triangular corrugations on the back metallic contact. We computationally show 21.9% overall absorptivity in a 100-nmthick silicon layer, exceeding any reported absorptivity using single layer gratings placed on the top or the bottom, considering both transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarizations and a wide spectral range (280 - 1100 nm). We also show that the overall absorptivity of the proposed scheme is relatively insensitive to light polarization and the angle of incidence. We also discuss the implications of potential fabrication process variations on such a device. © 2012 Optical Society of America.

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