Camera-based 3D interaction for handheld devices
Pekin, Tacettin Sercan
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Using handheld devices is a very important part of our daily life. Interacting with them is the most unavoidable part of using them. Today’s user interface designs are mostly adapted from desktop computers. The result of this was difficulties of using handheld devices. However processing power, new sensing technologies and cameras are already available for mobile devices. This gives us the possibility to develop systems to communicate through different modalities. This thesis proposes some novel approaches, including finger detection, finger tracking and object motion analysis, to allow efficient interaction with mobile devices. As the result of my thesis, a new interface between users and mobile devices is created. This is a new way of interaction with the mobile device. It enables direct manipulation on objects. The technique does not require any extra hardware. The interaction method, maps an object’s motion (such as a finger’s or a predefined marker’s motion) to a virtual space to achieve manipulation which is moving in front of the camera. For Finger Detection, a new method is created based on the usage of the mobile devices and structure of thumb. A fast two dimensional color-based scene analysis method is applied to solve the problem. For Finger Tracking, a new method is created based on the movement ergonomics of thumb when holding the mobile device on hand. Extracting the three dimensional movement from the two dimensional RGB data is an important part of this section of the study. A new 3D pointer data and pointer image is created for usage with 3D input and 3D interaction of 3D scenes. Also direct manipulation for low cost is achieved.