Strictly localized states on the Socolar dodecagonal lattice
Physical Review B
American Physical Society
064207-1 - 064207-18
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Socolar dodecagonal lattice is a quasicrystal closely related to the better-known Ammann-Beenker and Penrose lattices. The cut and project method generates this twelvefold rotationally symmetric lattice from the six-dimensional simple cubic lattice. We consider the vertex tight-binding model on this lattice and use the acceptance domains of the vertices in perpendicular space to count the frequency of strictly localized states. We numerically find that these states span fNum 7.61% of the Hilbert space. We give 18 independent localized state types and calculate their frequencies. These localized state types provide a lower bound of fLS = 10919−6304√3 2 0.075854, accounting for more than 99% of the zero-energy manifold. Numerical evidence points to larger localized state types with smaller frequencies, similar to the Ammann-Beenker lattice. On the other hand, we find sites forbidden by local connectivity to host localized states. Forbidden sites do not exist for the Ammann-Beenker lattice but are common in the Penrose lattice. We find a lower bound of fForbid 0.038955 for the frequency of forbidden sites. Finally, all the localized state types we find can be chosen to have constant density and alternating signs over their support, another feature shared with the Ammann-Beenker lattice.