Quantum effects in electrical and thermal transport through nanowires

Date
2001
Advisor
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Co-Advisor
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Instructor
Source Title
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
Print ISSN
0953-8984
Electronic ISSN
Publisher
Institute of Physics Publishing
Volume
13
Issue
29
Pages
R537 - R568
Language
English
Type
Review
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Series
Abstract

Nanowires, point contacts and metallic single-wall carbon nanotubes are one-dimensional nanostructures which display important size-dependent quantum effects. Quantization due to the transverse confinement and resultant finite level spacing of electronic and phononic states are responsible for some novel effects. Many studies have revealed fundamental and technologically important properties, which are being explored for fabricating future nanodevices. Various simulation studies based on the classical molecular dynamics method and combined force and current measurements have shown the relationship between atomic structure and transport properties. The atomic, electronic and transport properties of these nanostructures have been an area of active research. This brief review presents some quantum effects in the electronic and phononic transport through nanowires.

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Book Title
Keywords
Carbon nanotubes, Computer simulation, Crystal atomic structure, Electronic properties, Molecular dynamics, Quantum efficiency, Transport properties, Nanowires, Phononic states, Nanostructured materials
Citation
Published Version (Please cite this version)