Phosphoproteomic analysis of class IA P110β isoform-specific signal transducers upon PI3K pathway activation

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2024-03-01

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2023-08

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Çizmecioğlu, Onur

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Bilkent University

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English

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Abstract

PI3K pathway activation is a common event observed in various human cancers. As it regulates cell proliferation, migration and metabolism, it has been widely targeted for anticancer therapies and alteration of drug resistance. Studies focusing on PI3K Class IA isoform-specific inhibition has become critical to achieve alternative targeted treatment methods. Although previous findings show that Class IA isoforms differ in their routes of activation, the downstream targets specific to the isoforms have not been fully profiled yet. This study focuses on the phosphoproteomic analysis of p110 isoform-specific downstream molecules upon PI3K pathway activation. We have created a doxycycline-inducible system in Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (MEFs) to express wildtype PIK3CB gene encoding p110β or its catalytic and helical domain over-activating mutants, E1051K and N553S. By immunoblotting, the changes in downstream phosphorylation events were analyzed for MEF p110β mutants or for MEF p110β WT cells upon mitogenic PI3K stimulation. These results were collaborated with the comparative phosphoproteomic data obtained from LC-MS/MS Mass Spectrometry analysis. Our findings show that upon short-term stimulation of the PI3K pathway, proteins associated with transcriptional regulation, cytoskeletal rearrangement, cellular signalling, migration and metabolism are differentially phosphorylated. After longer stimulations on the other hand, proteins involved in cell cycle progression, phosphatase activity, nucleocytoplasmic transport and RNA metabolism become more prominent in the comparative phosphoproteome. Similar to early response proteins in β WT cells, the phosphoproteome of β E1051K cells were associated with cytoskeletal rearrangement and cellular migration. Aligning with the morphological changes observed, proteins involved in anatomical structure regulation were found. Additionally, some tumour suppressors and oncogene proteins were found among the differentially regulated phosphoproteins. On the other hand, the phosphoproteome of β N553S cells were enriched for functions of RNA metabolism, nuclear import and apoptotic regulation. Proteins involved in structural organization and microtubule assembly were also observed. 37 kDa Akt substrate Poly(rC) Binding Protein 1 (Pcbp1) was found as a common differentially phosphorylated protein in the phosphoproteomes of mutant and WT p110β expressing cells. It is an RNA-binding protein associated with metastasis and EMT, and has a critical role in gene expression by coordinating RNA stability and processing. As our results have shown that p110β isoform has a major role in cytoskeletal reorganization, cell migration and transcriptional regulation, studying the regulation of p110β-Pcbp1 axis can pave the way to understand the mechanisms of increased tumour progression in p110β-dependent cells.

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