Classifying daily and sports activities invariantly to the positioning of wearable motion sensor units

Date
2020
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Source Title
IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Print ISSN
2327-4662
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Publisher
IEEE
Volume
7
Issue
6
Pages
4801 - 4815
Language
English
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Abstract

We propose techniques that achieve invariance to the positioning of wearable motion sensor units on the body for the recognition of daily and sports activities. Using two sequence sets based on the sensory data allows each unit to be placed at any position on a given rigid body part. As the unit is shifted from its ideal position with larger displacements, the activity recognition accuracy of the system that uses these sequence sets degrades slowly, whereas that of the reference system (which is not designed to achieve position invariance) drops very fast. Thus, we observe a tradeoff between the flexibility in sensor unit positioning and the classification accuracy. The reduction in the accuracy is at acceptable levels, considering the convenience and flexibility provided to the user in the placement of the units. We compare the proposed approach with an existing technique to achieve position invariance and combine the former with our earlier methodology to achieve orientation invariance. We evaluate our proposed methodology on a publicly available data set of daily and sports activities acquired by wearable motion sensor units. The proposed representations can be integrated into the preprocessing stage of existing wearable systems without significant effort.

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