Beaming of electromagnetic waves emitted through a subwavelength annular aperture

Date
2006
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Source Title
Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Print ISSN
0740-3224
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Publisher
Optical Society of American (OSA)
Volume
23
Issue
3
Pages
419 - 422
Language
English
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Abstract

We study the diffraction of electromagnetic waves from subwavelength metallic circular apertures in the microwave spectrum. The theoretical and experimental demonstration of the near- and far-field electromagnetic distributions for subwavelength circular annular apertures and circular annular apertures surrounded by concentric periodic grooves are reported here. The metallic samples had a subwavelength hole with a diameter of 8 mm and had concentric grooves with a periodicity of 16 mm. We present the angular transmission distributions from circular annular apertures, and circular annular apertures surrounded by concentric periodic grooves. At the surface-mode resonance frequency the transmitted electromagnetic waves from the subwavelength circular annular aperture surrounded by concentric periodic grooves have a strong angular confinement with an angular divergence of ±3°. This represents a fourfold reduction when compared with the angular divergence of the beam transmitted from the subwavelength circular aperture. © 2006 Optical Society of America.

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