Debris removal during disaster response: a case for Turkey

Date
2016
Authors
Sahin, H.
Kara, B. Y.
Karasan, O. E.
Advisor
Supervisor
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Instructor
Source Title
Socio-Economic Planning Sciences
Print ISSN
0038-0121
Electronic ISSN
1873-6041
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
53
Issue
Pages
49 - 59
Language
English
Type
Article
Journal Title
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Volume Title
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Abstract

Debris occurs from the ruin and wreckage of structures during a disaster. Proper removal of debris is of great importance because it blocks roads and prohibits emergency aid teams from accessing disaster-affected regions. Poor disaster management, lack of efficiency and delays in debris removal cause disruptions in providing shelter, nutrition, healthcare and communication services to disaster victims, and more importantly, result in loss of lives. Due to the importance of systematic and efficient debris removal from the perspectives of improving disaster victims quality of life and allowing the transportation of emergency relief materials, the focus of this study is on providing emergency relief supplies to disaster-affected regions as soon as possible by unblocking roads through removing the accumulated debris. We develop a mathematical model for the problem that requires long CPU times for large instances. Since it is crucial to act quickly in an emergency case, we also propose a heuristic methodology that solves instances with an average gap of 1% and optimum ratio of 80.83%.

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Book Title
Keywords
Debris removal, Humanitarian logistics, Mathematical modeling, Disaster management, Heuristics, Logistics, Numerical model, Quality of life
Citation
Published Version (Please cite this version)