The annexation of Galatia reviewed

Date
2019
Advisor
Supervisor
Co-Advisor
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Instructor
Source Title
Adalya
Print ISSN
1301-2746
Electronic ISSN
Publisher
Koç Üniversitesi Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Merkezi
Volume
22
Issue
22
Pages
223 - 257
Language
English
Type
Article
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Abstract

This article reconsiders the accepted views on the annexation and ‘provincialisation’ of Galatia by expanding on the military-related factors involved. It is argued that the annexation helped provide Rome with the necessary resources, including manpower, to maintain Augustus’ ‘New Model’ Army as established between 30 and 25 BC, as well as providing land for the future discharge of legionary veterans. The achievements of the known governors of Galatia for 25 BC-AD 14 are reviewed also, noting how their senatorial status as pro-praetor or pro-consul had no bearing on the type of garrison they commanded. The process of establishing the Augustan coloniae ‘in Pisidia’ is then re-examined, as is the evidence for the character of Ancyra, Pessinus, and Tavium in the pre- and immediate post-annexation period. The data for the garrison of Augustan Galatia is then surveyed, concluding that the legiones V and VII took part in the annexation and probably remained there until AD 8, these legions being supported by auxiliary units that remained in the province after their departure. Finally, the evidence for the formation of the legio XXII Deiotariana is re-assessed, concluding it was indeed constituted under Augustus using the former Galatian Royal Army.

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Keywords
Augustus, Galatia, Legiones V, VII, and XXII, Auxilia, Roman army, Pisidian coloniae, Ancyra, Pessinus and Tavium
Citation
Published Version (Please cite this version)