Collective oscillations in a two-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate with a quantized vortex state

Date
2005
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Source Title
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Print ISSN
1050-2947
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Volume
72
Issue
5
Pages
053620-1 - 053620-6
Language
English
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Abstract

We study the effect of lower dimensional geometry on the frequency splitting of the quadrupole oscillations of a harmonically trapped Bose-Einstein condensate due to the presence of a quantized vortex. To study the effect of two-dimensional geometry we consider a pancake-shaped condensate and employ various models for the coupling parameter depending on the thickness of the condensate relative to the value of the scattering length. Using these models and the sum-rule approach we obtain analytical expressions for the frequency splitting. These expressions are valid for positive scattering length and large N. We show that the frequency splitting of the quadrupole oscillations are significantly altered by the reduced dimensionality and also study the evolution of the splitting as the system makes transition from one scattering regime to the other.

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