Analysis of the (Q, r) inventory model for perishables with positive lead times and lost sales

Date
2008
Authors
Berk, E.
Gürler, Ü.
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Source Title
Operations Research
Print ISSN
0030-364X
Electronic ISSN
1526-5463
Publisher
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)
Volume
56
Issue
5
Pages
1238 - 1246
Language
English
Type
Article
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Abstract

We consider a perishable inventory system with Poisson demands, fixed shelf lives, constant lead times, and lost sales in the presence of nonnegligible fixed ordering costs. The inventory control policy employed is the continuous-review (Q, r) policy, where r < Q. The system is modeled using an embedded Markov process approach by introducing the concept of the effective shelf life of a batch in use. Using the stationary distribution of the effective shelf life, we obtain the expressions for the operating characteristics and construct the expected cost rate function for the inventory system. Our numerical study indicates that the determination of the policy parameters exactly as modeled herein results in significant improvements in cost rates with respect to a previously proposed heuristic. We also compare the (Q, r) policy with respect to a time-based benchmark policy and find that the (Q, r) policy might be impractical for rare events, but overall appears to be a good heuristic policy.

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Keywords
Inventory, Perishables, Lot size-reorder point policy, Lost sales, Effective shelf life, Manufacturing, Service, Supply chain operations
Citation
Published Version (Please cite this version)