Radiochemical studies of the sorption behavior of strontium and barium
The sorption behavior of strontium and barium on kaolinite, bentonite and chlorite-illite mixed clay was studied by radioanalytical techniques using the batch method.90Sr (29.1 y) and133Ba (10.5 y) were used as radiotracers. Characterization of the solid matrices was done by FTIR and XRD spectrometries and specific surface area measurements. Synthetic groundwater was used as the aqueous phase. The variation of the distribution ratio Rd, as a function of metal ion loading was examined. The sorption isotherms were fitted to various isotherm models. The sorption energies were calculated to be in the range of 8-10 kJ/mol suggesting an ion exchange type of sorption mechanism. In detailed experiments, chlorite-illite mixed clay was first presaturated with K+, Sr2+, Ca2+ and Al3+ ions, respectively, prior to sorption studies with Ba2+ ions. The results of Ca2+ pretreated chlorite-illite were very similar to those of natural chlorite-illite, suggesting that the Ba2+ ion exchanges primarily with the Ca2+ ion on the clay minerals. © 1995 Akadémiai Kiadó.