Broadband analysis of multiscale electromagnetic problems: Novel incomplete-leaf MLFMA for potential integral equations


Recently introduced incomplete tree structures for the magnetic-field integral equation are modified and used in conjunction with the mixed-form multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA) to employ a novel broadband incomplete-leaf MLFMA (IL-MLFMA) to the solution of potential integral equations (PIEs) for scattering/radiation from multiscale open and closed surfaces. This population-based algorithm deploys a nonuniform clustering that enables to use deep levels safely and, when necessary, without compromising the accuracy resulting in an improved efficiency and a significant reduction for the memory requirements (order of magnitudes), while the error is controllable. The superiority of the algorithm is demonstrated in several canonical and real-life multiscale geometries.

Incomplete tree structures, Low-frequency breakdown, Multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA), Multiscale electromagnetic problems, Potential integral equations (PIEs)