Superconducting systems of low dimensionality
It is possible to call the last five years as the golden age of superconductivity. The two most important developments in the field are the discovery of copper oxide and fullerene superconductors. In this work, some possible pairing mechanisms for these materials ai’e examined by giving emphasis on the reduced dimensionality. First, an older problem, spatially separated electron-hole system, is investigated to identify the possible phases in coupled double quantum well structures in electric field. Secondly, the superconducting transition temperature and response to external magnetic fields of layered systems with varying number of layers are studied by means of a microscopic model and its GinzburgLandau version. It is also shown that an interlayer pairing mechanism, phonon assisted tunneling, can induce superconductivity. Finally, effects of the spherical structure of fullerenes are examined by solving a two fermion problem on an isolated molecule where the particles interact via a short range attractive potential. As a possible mechanism of superconductivity in alkali metal doped fullerenes, coupling between electrons and the radial vibrations of the molecule is investigated.