Modelling and control of a wind energy conversion system
The dynamical model of a novel low power wind energy conversion system consisting of a wind turbine, an induction generator, a PWM a.c. inverter and a d.c. battery group is obtained. A feedback control law is developed to provide optimum power conversion and arbitrarily fast responses at steady-state. The feedback does not require measurement of the wind speed and therefore is suitable for real applications. The stability of the closed-loop system is analysed using a Liapunov-type practical stability criterion, and it is shown that the system remains stable for wind speed variations that are not both large and fast at the same time. Digital computer simulation studies on a 1 kVA test system verify the theoretical results. © 1987 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.