Adsorption and dissociation of hydrogen molecules on bare and functionalized carbon nanotubes

Date
2005
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Source Title
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Print ISSN
1098-0121
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Publisher
American Physical Society
Volume
72
Issue
15
Pages
155404-1 - 155404-8
Language
English
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Abstract

Interaction between hydrogen molecules and bare as well as functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) is investigated using first-principles plane wave method. It is found that the binding energy of the H2 physisorbed on the outer surface of the bare SWNT is very weak, and cannot be enhanced significantly either by increasing the curvature of the surface through radial deformation, or by the coadsorption of a Li atom that makes the semiconducting tube metallic. Although the bonding is strengthened upon adsorption directly to the Li atom, its nature continues to be physisorption. However, the character of the bonding changes dramatically when SWNT is functionalized by the adsorption of a Pt atom. A single H2 is chemisorbed to the Pt atom on the SWNT either dissociatively or molecularly. The dissociative adsorption is favorable energetically and is followed by the weakening of the Pt-SWNT bond. Out of two adsorbed H2, the first one can be adsorbed dissociatively and the second one is chemisorbed molecularly. The nature of bonding is a very weak physisorption for the third adsorbed H2. Palladium also promotes the chemisorption of H2 with relatively smaller binding energy. Present results reveal the important effect of transition metal atom adsorbed on SWNT and these results advance our understanding of the molecular and dissociative adsorption of hydrogen for efficient hydrogen storage.

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