Doping of 2-Cl-PANI/PVC films by exposure to UV, γ-rays and e-beams

Date
2000
Authors
Sevil, U. A.
Güven, O.
Birer, Ö.
Süzer, Ş.
Advisor
Supervisor
Co-Advisor
Co-Supervisor
Instructor
Source Title
Synthetic Metals
Print ISSN
0379-6779
Electronic ISSN
Publisher
Elsevier Sequoia SA, Lausanne, Switzerland
Volume
110
Issue
3
Pages
175 - 179
Language
English
Type
Article
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Series
Abstract

2-Chloro-polyaniline (2-Cl-PANI) is chemically prepared in its non-conducting (Emeraldine Base, EB) form and dissolved together with polyvinylchloride (PVC) in THF for casting into thin (10-50 μm) composite films. The electrical conductivity of these films increases by more than four orders of magnitude (from 10-6 to 10-2 S/cm) when they are exposed to UV, γ-rays and e-beams. This is attributed to the dehydrochlorination (loss of HCl) of PVC by exposure to energetic particles and subsequent doping of the 2-Cl-PANI (i.e., conversion to Emeraldine Salt, ES) by the in-situ-created HCl. The doped films can also be returned to their undoped form by further exposure to NH3 vapours. The UV (or other particles)-induced doping/NH3 undoping cycles can be repeated several times until almost total dehydrochlorination of the PVC matrix. UV-Vis-NIR, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) techniques are employed to follow the changes in the composite films upon doping by exposure to these energetic particles.

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Keywords
Ammonia, Conductive plastics, Doping (additives), Electric conductivity of solids, Electron beams, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Gamma ray production, Plastic films, Polyvinyl chlorides, Thin films, Ultraviolet radiation, X ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Dehydrochlorination, Polyanilines, Conductive films
Citation
Published Version (Please cite this version)