Hydrogenated carbon monolayer in biphenylene network offers a potential paradigm for nanoelectronic devices
A metallic carbon monolayer in the biphenylene network (specified as C ohs) becomes an insulator upon hydrogenation (specified as CH ohs). Patterned dehydrogenation of this CH ohs can offer a variety of intriguing functionalities. Composite structures constituted by alternating stripes of C and CH ohs with different repeat periodicity and chirality display topological properties and can form heterostructures with a tunable band-lineup or Schottky barrier height. Alternating arrangements of these stripes of finite size enable one to also construct double barrier resonant tunneling structures and 2D, lateral nanocapacitors with high gravimetric capacitance for an efficient energy storage device. By controlled removal of H atom from a specific site or dehydrogenation of an extended zone, one can achieve antidoping or construct 0D quantum structures like antidots, antirings/loops, and supercrystals, the energy level spacing of which can be controlled with their geometry and size for optoelectronic applications. Conversely, all these device functions can be acquired also by controlled hydrogenation of a bare C ohs monolayer. Since all these processes are applied to a monolayer, the commensurability of electronically different materials is assured. These features pertain not only to CH ohs but also to fully hydrogenated Si ohs.