Testing the compatibility of attachment anxiety and avoidance with cultural self-construals

buir.contributor.authorSakman, Ezgi
buir.contributor.orcidSakman, Ezgi|0000-0002-5974-6566
dc.citation.epage22en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber2en_US
dc.citation.spage1en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber156en_US
dc.contributor.authorSakman, Ezgi
dc.contributor.authorSümer, N.
dc.date.accessioned2023-02-23T13:34:27Z
dc.date.available2023-02-23T13:34:27Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-11
dc.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.description.abstractInsecure attachment has been associated with relatively more negative outcomes in mainstream attachment literature, yet several empirical studies show almost half of the populations globally are insecurely attached. Moreover, although attachment security is the universal norm, attachment anxiety and avoidance exhibit significant cultural variation. To explore how this variation can offer certain advantages to people with insecure attachment tendencies, we tested the novel idea that different insecure attachment behaviors can be differentially compatible with varying cultural senses of self (i.e. independent vs. interdependent self-construal) in an experimental setting. We manipulated cultural self-construal by exposing the participants (N = 164) to either an independence or an interdependence prime and asked them to evaluate vignettes depicting typical anxious and avoidant behaviors. The results showed that insecure attachment behaviors were evaluated as more favorable when they were compatible with one’s own attachment tendency. Importantly, this trend was moderated by the cultural self-construal: Participants evaluated even those insecure attachment behaviors that were inconsistent with their own tendencies more favorably when these behaviors were compatible with the cultural self-construal that was experimentally induced. The findings are discussed in light of cultural implications.en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/00223980.2021.2010029en_US
dc.identifier.eissn1940-1019
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/111639
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.publisherRoutledgeen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2021.2010029en_US
dc.source.titleThe Journal of Psychologyen_US
dc.subjectCompatibility of attachment insecurityen_US
dc.subjectAttachment anxiety/avoidancesocialen_US
dc.subjectSocial defense theoryen_US
dc.subjectCultural-fit hypothesisen_US
dc.subjectIndependent and interdependent self-construalsen_US
dc.titleTesting the compatibility of attachment anxiety and avoidance with cultural self-construalsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
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