Preconditioning iterative MLFMA solutions of integral equations
The multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA) is a powerful method that enables iterative solutions of electromagnetics problems with low complexity. Iterative solvers, however, are not robust for three-dimensional complex reallife problems unless suitable preconditioners are used. In this paper, we present our efforts to devise effective preconditioners for MLFMA solutions of difficult electromagnetics problems involving both conductors and dielectrics. © 2010 IEEE.