Multi-resampling Doppler compensation in cooperative underwater OFDM systems
We consider a multi-carrier cooperative underwater acoustic communication (UWAC) system and investigate the Doppler scaling problem arising due to the motion of different nodes. Specifically, we assume an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system with amplify and forward (AF) relaying. Our channel model is built on large-scale path loss along with the short-term frequency-selective fading. For Doppler scaling compensation, we use multi-resampling (MR) receiver designs both at the relay and destination nodes. We present an extensive Monte Carlo simulation study to evaluate the error rate performance of the proposed UWAC system. In simulations, we use the publicly available VirTEX software in conjunction with the ray-tracing based BELLHOP software to precisely reflect the characteristics of an underwater geographical location and the movement of the nodes. © 2013 IEEE.