Designing novel DENOx catalysts with a wide thermal operational window
The main objective of this study is to design novel DeNOx catalyst to widen the operational temperature range of exhaust emission control systems. For this purpose, single and multi NOx-storage domains (e.g. K2O, BaO) were loaded on an Al2O3/ZrO2/TiO2 (AZT) ternary mixed oxide support with various compositions and different catalytic systems were synthesized by utilizing sol-gel and wetness impregnation methods. These materials were characterized by means of XRD, N2 sorption, in-situ FTIR and TPD measurements in comparison to the Pt/20Ba/Al benchmark catalyst. K2O and BaO co-loading on AZT sample reveals better platinum dispersion than that of the single storage domain materials. Particularly, Pt/5.4K-8Ba/AZT system revealed promising NOx storage capacity (NSC) and high sulfur removal performance. NOx/SOx adsorption geometries and stabilities of the generated adsorbates were analyzed using in-situ FTIR and TPD. Although the Pt/20Ba/AZT and Pt/10K/AZT catalysts revealed high NSC, they showed poor sulfur regeneration characteristics. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that K2O and BaO co-impregnated samples can be utilized to design new catalytic architectures to modify the operational temperature window of exhaust emission control catalysts.