Cognitive and emotional representations of terror attacks: a cross-cultural exploration

Date
2007
Authors
Shiloh, S.
Güvenç, G.
Önkal D.
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Source Title
Risk Analysis
Print ISSN
0272-4332
Electronic ISSN
1539-6924
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Volume
27
Issue
2
Pages
397 - 409
Language
English
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Abstract

A questionnaire measuring cognitive and affective representations of terror risk was developed and tested in Turkey and Israel. Participants in the study were university students from the two countries (n = 351). Four equivalent factors explained terror risk cognitions in each sample: costs, vulnerability, trust, and control. A single negative emotionality factor explained the affective component of terror risk representations in both samples. All factors except control could be measured reliably. Results supported the validity of the questionnaire by showing expected associations between cognitions and emotions, as well as indicating gender differences and cultural variations. Current findings are discussed in relation to previous results, theoretical approaches, and practical implications.

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Published Version (Please cite this version)