Fast shared-memory streaming multilevel graph partitioning
Embargo Lift Date: 2022-08-12
Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing
140 - 151
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A fast parallel graph partitioner can benefit many applications by reducing data transfers. The online methods for partitioning graphs have to be fast and they often rely on simple one-pass streaming algorithms, while the offline methods for partitioning graphs contain more involved algorithms and the most successful methods in this category belong to the multilevel approaches. In this work, we assess the feasibility of using streaming graph partitioning algorithms within the multilevel framework. Our end goal is to come up with a fast parallel offline multilevel partitioner that can produce competitive cutsize quality. We rely on a simple but fast and flexible streaming algorithm throughout the entire multilevel framework. This streaming algorithm serves multiple purposes in the partitioning process: a clustering algorithm in the coarsening, an effective algorithm for the initial partitioning, and a fast refinement algorithm in the uncoarsening. Its simple nature also lends itself easily for parallelization. The experiments on various graphs show that our approach is on the average up to 5.1x faster than the multi-threaded MeTiS, which comes at the expense of only 2x worse cutsize.
Multilevel graph partitioning
Parallel graph partitioning