Two-dimensional CdSe-based nanoplatelets: their heterostructures, doping, photophysical properties, and applications
Proceedings of the IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
655 - 675
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In the past decade, colloidal quantum wells, also known as 2-D semiconductor nanoplatelets (NPLs), have been added to the colloidal nanocrystal (NC) family. Through the unique control of the thickness with monolayer precision, these novel materials exhibit strong 1-D quantum confinement that offers unique optical properties along with the possibility of fabricating advanced heterostructures, which are not possible with other quantum-confined nanostructures. The 2-D CdX (X = Se, S)-based NPLs provide high color purities, fast fluorescence lifetimes, and large exciton binding energies. This review covers the latest developments in the successful utilization of these flat NCs in different nanophotonic device applications. The synthesis of the advanced heterostructures of flat 2-D NCs (e.g., core-shell, core-crown, and core-crown-shell) has matured very rapidly, and new exciting optical and electronic applications are emerging. Doping of these atomically thin NCs also offers new possibilities for their utilization in different solar light harvesting, magnetic, electronic, and lasing applications. This review also includes the recent advancements in the understanding of their unique optical properties that are of utmost importance for their practical implementation in light-emitting devices and lasers. Finally, we present a future perspective on their successful utilization in different nanophotonic applications.
KeywordsColloidal quantum wells (CQWs)
Semiconductor nanoplatelets (NPLs)