Effects of the AlN nucleation layer thickness on the crystal structures of an AlN epilayer grown on the 6H-SiC substrate
Öztürk, M. K.
Taylor & Francis
1715 - 1731
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The influence of the LT-AlN(NL) growth times on the mosaic structure parameters of the AlN layer grown on the LT-AlN(NL)/6H-SiC structures as well as the dislocation densities and the strain behaviours in the AlN epilayers has been investigated using XRD measurements. The growth times of the LT-AlN(NL) were changed to 0, 60, 120, 180, and 240 s. We observed that the mosaic structure parameters of the AlN epilayers were slightly affected by the LT-AlN(NL) growth times. However, the dislocation densities in the AlN layer are affected by the growth times of the LT-AlN(NL) layer. The highest edge dislocation density (5.48 × 1010 ± 2.3 × 109 cm−2) was measured for the sample in which 120 s grown LT-AlN(NL) was used. On the other hand, highest screw type dislocation density (1.21 × 1010 ± 1.7 × 109 cm−2) measured in the sample E that contains 240 s growth LT-AlN(NL). The strain calculation results show that the samples without LT-AlN(NL) suffered maximum compressive in-plane strain (−10.9 × 10−3 ± 1.8 × 10−4), which can be suppressed by increasing the LT-AlN(NL) growth times. The out-of-plane strain also has a compressive character and its values increase with LT-AlN(NL) growth times between 60 and 180 s. Same out-of-plane strain values were measured for the LT-AlN(NL) growth times of 180 and 240 s. Furthermore, the form of the biaxial stress in the AlN epilayer changed from compressive to tensile when the LT-AlN(NL) growth times were greater than 120 s.
KeywordsB1. AlN nucleation layer
A1. Mosaic structures
A1. High resolution X-ray diffraction
A3. Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD)