Cosmological singularities in conformal Weyl gravity
European Physical Journal C
1 - 11
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In this work, we study the issue of the past and future cosmological singularities in the context of the fourth-order conformal Weyl gravity. In particular, we investigate the emergent universe scenario proposed by Ellis et al., and find the stability conditions of the corresponding Einstein static state using the fixed point approach. We show that depending on the values of the parameters of the conformal Weyl gravity theory, there are possibilities for having initially stable emergent states for an FRW universe with both the positive and negative spatial curvatures. This represents that the conformal Weyl gravity can be free of the initial singularity problem. Then, following Barrow et al., we address the possible types of the finite-time future cosmological singularities. We discuss how these singularities also can be avoided in the context of this theory.